Offa


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Offa

(ŏf`ə), d. 796, king of Mercia (757–96). He succeeded Æthelbald to the throne, but it was some years before he attained the power of his predecessor. Gradually he asserted his overlordship in Kent and then Sussex, and by 774 his charters styled him rex Anglorum [king of the English]. He restricted Cynewulf, king of Wessex, to the area S of the Thames and in 794 had Ethelbert, king of the East Angles, beheaded and thereafter ruled his kingdom. In time the rulers of Wessex and Northumbria became his sons-in-law. In 786 the pope sent two legates to him, and by 788 Offa had set up an independent archbishopric of Litchfield, thus wresting control of the churches in Mercia from the hostile archbishop of Canterbury. He introduced a new coinage in the form of the silver penny, which for centuries was to be the basis of the English currency. Offa had sufficient standing in Europe to negotiate with Charlemagne as an equal; and, although they quarreled over a proposed marriage of their children, they signed (796) a commercial treaty, the first recorded in English history. At some time between 784 and 796 the earthwork known as Offa's DykeOffa's Dyke,
ancient entrenchment of W England and E Wales, from the Dee estuary to near the estuary of the Wye River. It was built in the 8th cent. by Offa, king of Mercia, as a barrier against the Welsh and lies mainly along the England-Wales boundary.
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 was built between Wales and Mercia. Offa's laws, now lost, were used by King Alfred in his codification. The Offa referred to in Beowulf and other Anglo-Saxon heroic poetry was not the king of Mercia, but a king of the Angles on the Continent, probably at the end of the 4th cent.

Bibliography

See F. M. Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (3d ed. 1971).

Offa

died 796 ad, king of Mercia (757--796), who constructed an earthwork (Offa's Dyke) between Wales and Mercia
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of this investigation, the Diocese of Coventry has applied for planning permission to change the use of Offa House.
That is a pity, for Offa was a ruler who had an acute awareness of the world around him and who engaged not only in war but also in diplomacy.
Universities planning to share more than pounds 6,000 had to submit access agreements to OFFA, stating how they planned to support students and ensure those from poorer backgrounds were not priced out.
DAILY POST chief reporter |Kelly Williams with Year Six Junior Journalists at Ysgol Clawdd Offa, Prestatyn
The drop in the number of people receiving awards follows an end to mandatory awards for students who received full state support, OFFA said, as well as other changes to fees and funding.
OFFA of Mercia was the most formidable Anglo-Saxon king before Alfred the Great of Wessex.
Historians have always associated the dyke with King Offa who ruled the kingdom of Mercia in the 8th century.
Universities planning to charge over pounds 6,000 had to submit "access agreements" to Offa setting out how they planned to support students and ensure that those from poorer homes were not priced out.
OFFA was set up to ensure all universities invest a reasonable amount of the extra fees money in widening participation projects, aimed at encouraging students from a broader cross-section of backgrounds to gain university places.
The white and tan terrier puppy, named Offa, was found abandoned near a north Wales river.
Ysgol Clawdd | Offa is a large primary school in Prestatyn.