Office of Strategic Services


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Office of Strategic Services

(OSS), U.S. agency created (1942) during World War II under the jurisdiction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the purpose of obtaining information about enemy nations and of sabotaging their war potential and morale. Headed by William J. DonovanDonovan, William Joseph
, 1883–1959, U.S. lawyer and government official, b. Buffalo, N.Y., grad. Columbia law school. Distinguished service in World War I won him medals and the nickname Wild Bill Donovan.
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, the OSS comprised personnel from all the branches of the armed forces as well as civilians. Although the "cloak and dagger" section gained the most publicity after the war, some of the most valuable work was done by the research and analysis section. Behind enemy lines, the OSS acted as a liaison with the underground in Nazi-occupied countries. The OSS was disbanded in 1945. Later many of its functions were assumed by the Central Intelligence AgencyCentral Intelligence Agency
(CIA), independent executive bureau of the U.S. government established by the National Security Act of 1947, replacing the wartime Office of Strategic Services (1942–45), the first U.S. espionage and covert operations agency.
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.

Bibliography

See S. Alsop and T. Bradon, Sub Rosa: The O.S.S. and American Espionage (1946, repr. 1964); R. H. Smith, OSS (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Future AUB President Stephen Penrose ran the Cairo headquarters of the Office of Strategic Services, the CIA's wartime precursor.
Declassified in 1975 and 1976, the documents presented in this volume were written by Neumann, Marcuse, and Kirchheimer between 1943 and 1949 for the Central European Section of the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
Indeed, one cannot help thinking that James Burnham of the Office of Strategic Services and General Muir S.
McIntosh, worked in the Office of Strategic Services and the Central Intelligence Agency.
At the end of the war he was issued an official certificate stating that he had "honorably served the United States of America as a member of the Office of Strategic Services." The certificate is identical to all others issued to veterans of the OSS and is signed by Maj.
THE TOPIC: Bill Donovan would have been a fascinating subject for a biography even if he had never become the head of the nation's spies in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II.
President Obama should review the performance of the CIA's predecessor agency, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
from Bryn Mawr, Ambassador Tibbetts began her Department career after World War II service with the Office of Strategic Services. After several years in the Civil Service, she became a Foreign Service officer as a result of successive firsts in special Department exams held to open the FSO ranks.
Robert Donahue were among the lucky few who evaded capture and were recovered through the help of sympathetic Czechs with contacts with the Office of Strategic Services. The POWs, however, encountered meager meals, hungry and vicious guard dogs, and a crumbling Third Reich.
Eugene Liptak's OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES 1942-45: THE WORLD WAR II ORIGINS OF THE CIA (9781846034633, $18.95) provides a review of the U.S.
Special Forces' roots date back to World War II, when the Office of Strategic Services and the First Special Service Force were formed.
The momentum for the book came in large measure from Michael Scott who was determined to piece together his father's story a life spent mostly in the shadowy worlds of the CIA and its World War II predecessor the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).

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