Ogaden


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Ogaden

(ōgä`dān), region, SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia. It is an arid region, inhabited mainly by Somali pastoral nomads. The region was conquered by Menelik II of Ethiopia in 1891. A clash (Dec. 5, 1934) between Italian and Ethiopian troops at the watering hole of Welwel in the Ogaden was used as a pretext by Italy to begin a war (1935–36) against Ethiopia. Since 1960, Somali nationalists have demanded the union of the Ogaden with Somalia, and there have been violent clashes over the precise boundaries of the Ogaden. In the late 1970s, the Soviet Union, Cuba, South Yemen, and Libya all backed Ethiopian interests in the region, and Somalia withdrew its troops. However, fighting continued intermittently until 1988, when Somalia and Ethiopia signed a nonaggression pact. The war and devastating drought conditions resulted in millions of refugees and acute resettlement problems. Somali insurgents in the Ogaden supported the Ethiopian guerrillas led by Meles Zenawi, but after the guerrilla's success (1991) broke with the Meles government in 1993 over autonomy for the region. Subsequently the region has been the scene of fighting between Ethiopian forces and indigenous Somali insurgents; peace agreements were signed with two groups in 2010.

Ogaden

the. a region of SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia: consists of a desert plateau, inhabited by Somali nomads; a secessionist movement, supported by Somalia, has existed within the region since the early 1960s and led to bitter fighting between Ethiopia and Somalia (1977--78)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2007, 200 gunmen from the separatist Ogaden National Liberation Front militia (ONLF) staged a brazen raid on a Chinese-run oil field in Ethiopia's Somali region, killing 65 Ethiopians and a handful of Chinese citizens.
The Ogaden Youth and Student Union (OYSU) accused Ethiopian security forces of allegely committing mass genocidal campaigns against the Oromo people in different parts of the region.
Mengistu Hailemariam, and decided to exploit the opportunity by assaulting the Ogaden region in the undying "greater Somalia" quest.
They were in the remote southeastern region of Ogaden, populated mainly by ethnic Somalis, to investigate the activities of a company affiliated with the Swedish oil firm Lundin Petroleum.
The two Swedes were arrested by Ethiopian troops on June 30 in Ethiopia's Somali region, a no-go area for reporters, while travelling with rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), which is fighting for regional autonomy.
While three new conflicts emerged or re-emerged, only the one in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia is still active.
The Ogaden National Liberation Army of (the) ONLF has captured the town of Galalshe in Jigjiga Region near Babili," the group said in a statement that did not disclose any dates.
The best of these on paper is helping Ethiopian separatist movements, particularly in Somali Ogaden.
All of the blocks and contract areas are located southeast of Addis Ababa, in the Ogaden Basin, which covers 350,000 sq km and is the largest proven hydrocarbon bearing sedimentary basin in Ethiopia with proven gas reserves of 2-4 TCF.
Summary: ADDIS ABABA, June 26, 2010, SPA -- Leaders controlling about half the forces of a separatist rebel group in Ethiopia&'s Ogaden region have agreed to make peace, the government said on Saturday, but the rebel group denied there had been any deal, Reuters reported.
Rebels in Ethiopia's eastern Ogaden region have accused the government of killing 71 civilians in a military operation last month.
Jason Read, previously known as Justin Packham, 39, was ambushed and killed as he drove with a military escort near Danot in the volatile Ogaden region, south east Ethiopia.