Ogaden


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ogaden

(ōgä`dān), region, SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia. It is an arid region, inhabited mainly by Somali pastoral nomads. The region was conquered by Menelik II of Ethiopia in 1891. A clash (Dec. 5, 1934) between Italian and Ethiopian troops at the watering hole of Welwel in the Ogaden was used as a pretext by Italy to begin a war (1935–36) against Ethiopia. Since 1960, Somali nationalists have demanded the union of the Ogaden with Somalia, and there have been violent clashes over the precise boundaries of the Ogaden. In the late 1970s, the Soviet Union, Cuba, South Yemen, and Libya all backed Ethiopian interests in the region, and Somalia withdrew its troops. However, fighting continued intermittently until 1988, when Somalia and Ethiopia signed a nonaggression pact. The war and devastating drought conditions resulted in millions of refugees and acute resettlement problems. Somali insurgents in the Ogaden supported the Ethiopian guerrillas led by Meles ZenawiMeles Zenawi
, 1955–2012, Ethiopian political leader, prime minister of Ethiopia (1995–2012), b. Adwa. After two years of medical studies at the Univ. of Addis Ababa, he helped found (1975) the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), becoming its secretary-general
..... Click the link for more information.
, but after the guerrillas' success (1991) broke with the Meles government in 1993 over autonomy for the region. Subsequently the region was the scene of fighting between Ethiopian forces and indigenous Somali insurgents; peace agreements were signed with two groups in 2010 and with the main rebel group in 2018.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Ogaden

the. a region of SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia: consists of a desert plateau, inhabited by Somali nomads; a secessionist movement, supported by Somalia, has existed within the region since the early 1960s and led to bitter fighting between Ethiopia and Somalia (1977--78)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"The people of Ogaden have followed closely the legitimate struggle of the people of South Sudan and welcome the birth of the South Sudan Republic as a positive event in Africa's history.
In a statement, the rebel group on Saturday accused the Djiboutian government and Ethiopian security forces, of jointly launching the operation, which according to the group resulted in the arrest and extraordinary rendition to Ethiopia of nearly one hundred Ogaden refugees and legal residents living in Djibouti.
As the majority in Jubaland, the Marehan are being actively mobilised along clan lines to defeat Madobe, a scion of the Ogaden sub-clan.On their part, Ogaden communities living in Garissa the Awilyahan, Abduwak and Abdalla have raised the stakes, endorsing Madobe.
The ONLF "declares Unilateral ceasefire from today -- 12:00 pm, August 12, 2018, that and will cease all military and security operations directed against the Ethiopian Security Apparatus in the Somali territory (Ogaden), until a negotiated comprehensive cessation of hostilities is reached with the Ethiopian government," says the rebel group.
HRW said the documented abuses occurred at a detention facility -- known as "Jail Ogaden" -- between 2011 and this year, adding that most people brought to the facility were never formally charged.
Ethiopia says the wells in the Calub and Hilala fields in the Ogaden Basin should show deposits of 4.7 trillion cubic feet of liquid natural gas (LNG) and 13.6 million barrels of associated liquids.
Ethiopia on the other hand had its Ogaden region being claimed by Somalia.
The Eid Charity has held a medical camp for the treatment of eye diseases at Ogaden, Ethiopia at a total cost of QR334,500.
Schibbye and Persson were arrested with rebels from the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) on July 1, 2011 after illegally entering from Somalia.
The journalists, reporter Martin Schibbye and photographer Johan Persson, were arrested in the company of rebels in Ethiopia's restive Ogaden region.
after they were travelling with rebels in the disputed Ogaden region.