Ogaden

(redirected from Ogadeni)
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Ogaden

(ōgä`dān), region, SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia. It is an arid region, inhabited mainly by Somali pastoral nomads. The region was conquered by Menelik II of Ethiopia in 1891. A clash (Dec. 5, 1934) between Italian and Ethiopian troops at the watering hole of Welwel in the Ogaden was used as a pretext by Italy to begin a war (1935–36) against Ethiopia. Since 1960, Somali nationalists have demanded the union of the Ogaden with Somalia, and there have been violent clashes over the precise boundaries of the Ogaden. In the late 1970s, the Soviet Union, Cuba, South Yemen, and Libya all backed Ethiopian interests in the region, and Somalia withdrew its troops. However, fighting continued intermittently until 1988, when Somalia and Ethiopia signed a nonaggression pact. The war and devastating drought conditions resulted in millions of refugees and acute resettlement problems. Somali insurgents in the Ogaden supported the Ethiopian guerrillas led by Meles ZenawiMeles Zenawi
, 1955–2012, Ethiopian political leader, prime minister of Ethiopia (1995–2012), b. Adwa. After two years of medical studies at the Univ. of Addis Ababa, he helped found (1975) the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), becoming its secretary-general
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, but after the guerrillas' success (1991) broke with the Meles government in 1993 over autonomy for the region. Subsequently the region was the scene of fighting between Ethiopian forces and indigenous Somali insurgents; peace agreements were signed with two groups in 2010 and with the main rebel group in 2018.

Ogaden

the. a region of SE Ethiopia, bordering on Somalia: consists of a desert plateau, inhabited by Somali nomads; a secessionist movement, supported by Somalia, has existed within the region since the early 1960s and led to bitter fighting between Ethiopia and Somalia (1977--78)
References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from the Eritrean nationalist movements, the major ethnic organizations included the TPLF, the OLF, and the Afar Liberation Front (ALF); smaller organizations included the Islamic Oromo Liberation Front (IOLF), the Western Somali Liberation Front (WSLF), and the Ogadeni National Liberation Front (ONLF).
This means that the trans-Jubba region (from the Jubba River to the Kenyan border), where the Ogaden clan has its only home area inside Somalia, is a territory that tends to host more than its share of Islamic activism, even though the actual practice of Islam among the relatively isolated Ogadeni is not as strict as is often the case with Somali clans enjoying more extensive links to the Gulf states.