Bonin Islands

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Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
With the participation of villagers, the municipality has been carrying out a project aimed at replanting the endemic Morus boninensis that once accounted for a large proportion of the woodlands of the Ogasawara Islands.
Algeria's Mahmoudi had early control of the fight after a sharp right elbow cut Japan's Ogasawara in the first round.
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Longtime landscape photographer Huang Yuan-ming told UDN that the view of the red maple leaves and the sea of clouds is spectacular from the Ogasawara Viewing Platform.
Talking to Qatar Tribune Ogasawara said, "It all started in 2011 when I arrived for work in Doha.
The focus of the tremor was 590 km underground near the Ogasawara Island off Tokyo, according to the agency.
The Earthquake, centred off the Ogasawara islands south of Tokyo, was felt widely in Japan but occurred at a depth of 590 km.
Following the quake, which hit a very shallow point of the seabed, the agency issued a tsunami warning of up to 1m for the Izu island chain, south of Tokyo, and the Ogasawara archipelago, far south in the Pacific Ocean.
answers NAME THE YEAR: 1989 | WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN: Stefano Baldini; Ogasawara Islands; Death Valley, California; 1971.
Japan's coastguard and the country's Meteorological Agency said the islet was about 660ft in diameter and just off the coast of Nishinoshima, a small, uninhabited island in the Ogasawara chain, which is also known as the Bonin islands.
It is Japan's 17th site to make the list and the first since the historic Hiraizumi area in Iwate Prefecture and the Ogasawara Islands in the Pacific won approval in 2011.
"We cannot forget the history of hardships of Okinawa, the Amami islands, and the Ogasawara islands, that they were outside Japan's administration for a certain period of time after the war," Abe said.