Bonin Islands

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Related to Ogasawara Islands: Iwo Jima, Bonin Islands

Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
Between Japan's recovery of sovereignty and the reversion of Okinawa, the Amami islands in southern Japan were returned in 1953 and the Ogasawara islands, north of Tokyo in the Pacific Ocean, in 1968.
Lost Islands: A special tour of the remote tropical Ogasawara Islands
quake, which measured 4 on the Japanese seismic scale of 7 on Hahajima and Chichijima islands in the Ogasawara island chain, according to the agency.
In 1862, Japanese people immigrated to the Ogasawara Islands for the first time (Ichiki 2003: 18) and a few years later in 1876, a Japanese Government office was built on Chichijima to govern the multicultural group of 69 inhabitants.
4 meters long off the Ogasawara Islands in the Pacific in a drilling conducted June 23.
lunatus from the Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan, and the Ogasawara Islands.
Sperm whales feed on giant squid, and in 2002 Japanese researchers started setting out cameras where whales congregate near the Ogasawara Islands south of Japan.
The squid - Latin name Architeuthis - has become more than just a menu item thanks to research undertaken by two Japanese scientists, Tsunemi Kubodera and Kyoichi Mori, who dangled a line some 450 fathoms long and equipped with a camera, off the Ogasawara Islands in the Pacific.
We do know that sperm whales, the giant squid's only known predator, gather to feed in the ocean depths off the Ogasawara Islands in the northern Pacific.
Over the course of the book, he discusses the debate over Japanese rearmament at the time of the Korean War, Eisenhower's handling of the issue of Okinawa and the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, the Lucky Dragon crisis of 1954 (an incident that revolved around US hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific), and the debate over the renegotiation of the Security Treaty during the 1950s.
Powerful Typhoon Tingting was heading north-northeast across the Pacific from the Ogasawara Islands, south of Tokyo, early Friday, moving away from the Japanese archipelago, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.
Stanley takes us to the remotest part of Tokyo--26 hours by boat from downtown--to the Ogasawara islands.