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Ohrid (ōˈkhrēd), Ochrida, or Okhrida (both: ŏˈkrĭdə), town (1981 est. pop, 64,200), North Macedonia, on a rock above Lake Ohrid, on the Albanian border. North Macedonia's chief resort, it is a tourist and commercial center, as well as a railroad terminus. Fishing and farming are the chief occupations. Ohrid stands on or near the site of the Greek colony of Lychnidos, founded in the 3d cent. B.C. It was captured by the Romans in A.D. 168 and became a major trade center and an early episcopal see. In the 9th cent. Ohrid was incorporated into the first Bulgarian empire, and in the 10th cent. it became the seat of the Bulgarian patriarchate and flourished as the political and cultural center of Bulgaria. Traditionally a Slavic cultural center, Ohrid served as a conduit of Christianity into other Slav-inhabited areas. After Ohrid's reconquest in 1018 by the Byzantine Empire, the patriarchate was abolished; but the town remained a metropolitan see. Ohrid was captured by the Serbs in 1334 and fell to the Turks in 1394. It was briefly reconquered by the Albanian hero Scanderbeg in the 15th cent. During World War I, Ohrid was taken by Serbian troops; after the war, it was joined to Yugoslavia. Bulgarian forces held the town during World War II, but it was then restored to Yugoslavia and incorporated into the constituent republic of Macedonia (now North Macedonia). Ohrid's numerous ancient churches and other historical relics include the cathedrals of St. Sophia (9th cent.) and St. Clement (1299), both with medieval frescoes; two 14th-century churches; and the walls and towers of the former Turkish citadel. The town is also noted for its museums, galleries, fishing institute, and other educational facilities.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(or Okhrida), a city in Yugoslavia, situated on Lake Ohrid in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. Population, 26,-000 (1971). There is a railroad station and an airport in the city.

A mountain health resort and a popular international tourist center, Ohrid has a school of artistic wood carving and museums of history and art. It also has a hydrobiological research institute.

Known since the third century B.C., Ohrid, with its narrow streets and picturesque old buildings, has largely preserved its medieval appearance. Atop Mount Ohrid is the castle of the Bulgarian tsar Samuil. Built as a Byzantine fortress in the fifth century, it was rebuilt in the early 11th century. Other historical monuments in or near the city include the ninth-century Monastery of St. Clement, dedicated to St. Panteleimon, on Mount Ohrid (its church was converted into a mosque) and the ninth-century Church of St. Sofia (rebuilt c. 1037–50), with frescoes dating from the 11th to 14th centuries. Among the numerous cruciform, domed churches are the Church of St. Clement (originally the Perivleptos Virgin), built in 1295, with additions from the 14th and 19th centuries and late-13th-century frescoes by the masters Mihailo and Eutichius; the Church of St. Nicholas of Bolnica, with 14th-century frescoes; the Church of St. John the Divine; the Church of Our Lady of Bolnica, with frescoes from the 14th to 17th centuries; and the “small” Church of St. Clement, with 14th-century frescoes (the last four churches were built in the 14th century). New buildings were built after 1945, including resort buildings and apartment houses. The Palas Hotel, designed by E. Mihevc, was built in the late 1950’s.


Pavlović, M., and C. Grozdanov. Ohrid. Belgrade, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the start, Oher (Quinton Aaron) is struggling to adapt to life at a new, private Christian school where he has been accepted for his sporting potential rather than any academic achievement.
Oher promising public health strategies include prescription drug monitoring programs and the regulation of pain clinics.
Before reading Oher's autobiographical account of his difficult childhood spent in the foster care system.
In third place was Eryri's Gemma Morgans, who knocked a huge 29 seconds oher PB to nish in 19.55.
Stephanie enjoyed a hugely successful week in Sheffield on top oher medal wins, competing in a futher five events where she set morPBs and earned a place in the finaof the 400m freestyle, 100m butterfland 100m freestyle.
NOTORIOUS party girl Holly Hagan has ditched her drink-drink ing sprees for the gym...and is showing oher new gure.
COUNCILLOR Ann Lucas wants to get oher high horse and start concentrating on making our city great again instead of removing councillors such as George Duggins from the cabinet, who has in my opinion always given 100 per cent as a councillor in whatever role was asked of him by our council.
if he wo ore DIDN'T - wore Well, never Like Bob the Builder -and stilettos the o her hand to Lifishnet tights an oher h fishnet her sis nger gave a helping WayFrida as she assembled Wsinger roadies y ay ror adies for the Born This Way sts aging Friday staging BaB ll, which kicks off on F Ball, ininininininininininininininini Seoul, South Korea.
After reading Michael Oher's book "I Beat the Odds: From Homelessness to The Blind Side and Beyond", it's certain that Michael Oher would have been just fine.
This is based on a true story of Leigh Anne and Sean Tuohy who take in a homeless teenage African-American, Michael 'Big Mike' Oher. When he expresses an interest in football, Leigh goes all out to help him, including giving the coach ideas on how best to use Michael's skills.
"We expect the WTO dispute to carry on for several more years, and as in all trade conflicts, a resolution will only be reached through negotiations," Airbus' Rainer Oher said in a statement.