Ohio State University, main campus at Columbus; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1870, opened 1873 as Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, renamed 1878. There are also campuses at Lima, Mansfield, Marion, and Newark. The university maintains extensive scientific programs and facilities, as well as notable research programs in literature, medicine, the social sciences, computer technology, engineering, and agriculture. Its library houses many important collections relating to American literature and history, cartoons, religion, geology, and linguistics. The Wexner Center for the Arts is at the Columbus. In collaboration with Ohio Wesleyan Univ., it operates the Perkins Observatory near Delaware, Ohio, and the Perkins telescope near Flagstaff, Ariz.