oil painting

(redirected from Oil paintings)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

oil painting

1. a picture painted with oil paints
2. the art or process of painting with oil paints
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oil Painting


the art of painting in oil colors, sometimes with the use of varnishes. Oil painting is done mainly on canvas; however, cardboard, wood, and metal that have been covered with a special ground (easel painting), as well as gesso (mural painting), can also be used as supports. Of all painting techniques, oil painting most successfully achieves the illusion of volume and space on a flat surface, rich color effects, tonal depth, and expressive and dynamic brushwork. Various brush techniques can be used in the application of oil paints. The brushstroke can be opaque or transparent, uniformly thick or textured, or thin and smooth. Prior to the 19th century, oil painting consisted of the application of many layers of color mixed with varnish, which was followed by a coat of varnish. Since the early 19th century, the oil technique has consisted mainly of the application of colors alia prima on a clean ground or over a layer of underpainting. Varnish is rarely used.

Information about oil painting has been found in ancient and medieval manuscripts. In the first third of the. 15th century, easel painting in oil became widespread, particularly after the technique was improved by J. van Eyck. Since the 16th century, oil painting has been the most popular painting technique.


Berger, E. Istoriia razvitiia tekhniki maslianoi zhivopisi. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from German.)
Luzhetskaia, A. N. Tekhnika maslianoi zhivopisi russkikh masterov s 18 po nachalo 20 veka. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

oil painting

[′ȯil ′pānt·iŋ]
(graphic arts)
A method of painting in which pigments are bound together, and to the canvas, by a drying oil; the oil, usually linseed, is thinned with solvents such as turpentine and mineral spirits; the pigments should dry in linseed oil to form an acceptably strong paint film.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This year marks the 14th occasion of the oil painting competition.
Later, all the creative work of students including Oil Painting, Sketching and Calligraphy will be displayed in the Central Library of IIUI from December 15th to December 16.
The exhibition comprises of 20 oil paintings from the artist with an army background, who is not new in this field but showing his talent to the art circle for the first time.
Picasso's 1948 oil painting Femme Au Chignon Dans Un Fauteuil netted the highest price of his works at $29.9m.
Walking around Fahidi neighbourhood on a Thursday Morning, Khaleej Times spotted signages that announced an 'oil painting art week'.
As well as my oil paintings on larger canvases I have branched out to try to appeal to a bigger number of customers and have started painting smaller works on card and paper, which I sell for a smaller price tag of PS69.
The top 10 oil paintings sold online in 2012 according to overstockArt.com's statistics are:
As a member of the Princeton Arts Society, the Leominster Art Association, the Leominster Art Center and the Gardner Area League of Artists, she has won several awards for her oil paintings, and her work has been accepted into the Fitchburg Art Museum's annual juried exhibit every year since 2009.
"The oil paintings were the first collection to be published digitally by the Library and this new project brings a whole additional dimension to our aim of presenting Wales to the world."
"Art is made to be seen," said Mr Ellis, "and across the UK we have a rich collection of oil paintings.
LIFELIKE Pip's oil painting of a submerged tiger CAT WALK Cheetah cub gets up close to Pip McGarry
"There aren't many oil paintings from that year, when he was in the south of France concentrating on ceramics."