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Oise(wäz), department (1990 pop. 733,200), N France, in Picardy. BeauvaisBeauvais
, town (1990 pop. 56,278), capital of Oise dept., N France. Tractors, ceramic tiles, textiles, and musical instruments are among its many manufactures. A Roman town and an early episcopal see, it flourished in the Middle Ages and again after the 17th cent.
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Oise,river, 186 mi (299 km) long, rising in the Ardennes Mts., S Belgium, and flowing through N France generally SW past Compiègne to join the Seine River near Pontoise. Navigable for most of its length, the Oise is an important transportation route; canals link it with the Aisne, Sambre, and Thérain rivers.
a department in northern France in the Oise River basin. Area, 5,857 sq km; population, 606,000 (1975). The capital is the city of Beauvais. The southern part of Oise Department is on the outskirts of the Paris conurbation and includes the cities of Chantilly and Creil. As of 1968, 40 percent of the economically active population was employed in industry and 6 percent in agriculture. Industries include machine building, metalworking, and the manufacture of chemicals (at Noyon and Ribécourt), woolens (at Beauvais), food products, and footwear. Wheat and sugar beets are among the crops raised.
a river in France (its headwaters are in Belgium), a right tributary of the Seine. The Oise is 302 km long and drains an area of 16,600 sq km. It originates in the western spurs of the Ardennes, flows through the lowlands of the Paris Basin, and empties into the Seine 30 km below Paris. The river is fed by rain, and high water is in winter. The mean flow rate near the mouth is 95 cu m per sec, with a maximum of more than 700 cu m per sec. The Oise is navigable for a distance of 104 km from the mouth; further upstream navigation is possible via bypass canals. A system of canals links the Oise with the Meuse, Somme, and Escaut rivers. The French cities of Compiégne, Creil, and Pontoise are situated on the Oise.