Okayama


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Okayama

(ōkä`yämä), city (1990 pop. 593,730), capital of Okayama prefecture, SW Honshu, Japan, on an inlet of the Inland Sea. It is a railroad hub and industrial and marketing center. Machinery, cotton textiles, chemicals, and rubber goods are produced in Okayama. The city has a 16th-century feudal castle, an 18th-century park, and Okayama Univ., which has a famous medical college. Okayama prefecture (1990 pop. 1,925,913), 2,721 sq mi (7,047 sq km), which relies mainly on agriculture, has an oil refinery and automobile, petrochemical, and steel industries.

Okayama

 

a prefecture in Japan, on the southwestern part of the island of Honshu. Area, 7,100 sq km; population, 1,749,000 (1973), more than 60 percent urban. The administrative center is the city of Okayama.

More than half of the territory of Okayama Prefecture is occupied by hills and mountains; along the coast of the Inland Sea there are alluvial lowlands. About 15 percent of the land in the prefecture is cultivated. There are terraced mountain slopes everywhere. The main farm crops are rice (1971 harvest, 258,000 tons), barley, and wheat. Animal husbandry is only slightly developed. There is coastal fishing, and also logging.

Okayama Prefecture accounted for 2.2 percent of the value of Japanese industrial production in 1970. Pyrites are mined at the Yanahara deposits. There is also mining of uranium and iron ore, and granite, talc, and kaolin are quarried. There are saltworks along the coast. The main branches of manufacturing industry are transportation machine-building, chemicals, metallurgy, petroleum refining, and food processing. Among local handicrafts are production of tatami mats and of ceramic and porcelain objects.


Okayama

 

a city in Japan, on the southwestern part of the island of Honshu; administrative center of Okayama Prefecture. Commercial, distribution, and cultural center of western Japan (the Chugoku-Katsuyama region). Population, 375,000 (1973). The textiles industry produces cottons, woolens, and artificial silk. Other industry includes machine building (electrical machinery and shipbuilding), chemicals, paper, food processing, and pottery and ceramics. There is cottage-industry production of porcelain and tatami mats. The port of Uno serves Okayama. There is a university.

Okayama

a city in SW Japan, on W Honshu on the Inland Sea. Pop.: 621 809 (2002 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Blues immediately upped sticks from their Okayama base for the bright lights of Tokyo, where they will face Japanese double winners INAC Kobe Leonessa.
The Okayama election board contended that the decision had determined the current electoral zoning rules are unconstitutional as a whole, thus having "a big impact on election credibility.
Judge Kosuke Morioka, presiding over a panel of professional and lay judges hearing the case of Koichi Sumida at the Okayama District Court, noted that the victim has also been sexually assaulted, making the case "grave.
Detection devices will be equipped on landlines in the households of over 100 Okayama Prefecture residents.
The Tokyo-based firm will use idle land lots of a lumber firm based in Hiroshima Prefecture to build a plant with a 2,000-kilowatt capacity in Asakuchi, Okayama Prefecture, and a 1,000-kw capacity plant in Kamiamakusa, Kumamoto Prefecture.
Sapporo and Okayama University have grown seeds from barley used for the outer space tests and now expect to harvest 40 to 50 kilograms of barley descending from plants grown in outer space.
This new agreement opens additional avenues of technology and strengthens the collaboration with the Okayama Prefecture (a prefecture is the equivalent of a state) aimed at developing innovative and important diagnostic products in the future.
Kuraray produces optical film used in LCD TVs at the Ehime unit and another subsidiary in Okayama Prefecture, Kuraray Tamashima Co.
A fungus in the genus Fibularhizoctonia forms compact balls of tissue that, under the right conditions, can start a new colony of the fungus, explains Kenji Matsuura of Okayama University in Japan.
This is Inspector Morimoto's second appearance as an Inspector from Okayama, Japan, a medium city situated on the bullet train line, which is readily accessible to Osaka and Hiroshima.
Scientists at Japan's Okayama University have released a study that indicates that certain compounds in beer may help to prevent DNA damage leading to cancer.
Researchers at the Medical Department of Okayama University announced Tuesday they have developed a small artificial lung that can be placed inside the human body.