Oktay Rifat

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rifat, Oktay


(pen name of Oktay Rifat Horozçu). Born 1914 in Trabzon. Turkish poet.

Rifat graduated from a lycée in Ankara in 1936. In 1941, together with the poets Orhan Veli Kanik and Melih Cevdet Anday, he founded the literary group known as Tripod. Contemporary man was the hero of Rifat’s lyric poetry. His collections Poems About Life, Death, Love and Roving (1945), Odes to Beauty (1945), Down and Up (1952), and The Crow and the Fox (1954) reveal social abuses.

Rifat later left Tripod and became a leading poet of the modernist group New Movement 2, which, rejecting a realistic and social approach, experimented with formalist techniques. Rifat’s new orientation was expressed in the collections Street With a Forelock (1956), Staircase of One in Love (1958), and The Hands of Freedom (1966). His plays, including Some People (1961), Horses and Elephants (1962), The Speckled Rooster (1964), and Among Women (1966), depict urban life with its social contradictions. Rifat also translates the works of European poets.


Şiirler. Istanbul, 1969.
Yenişiirler. Istanbul, 1973.


Kabakli, A. Türk edebiyati, vol. 3. Istanbul, 1969.
Kaplan, M. Cumhuriyet devri Türk şiiri. Istanbul, 1973.
Bezirci, A. Ikinci yeni olayi. Istanbul, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oktay Rifat came to prominence as part of Turkey's Garip movement of the 1940s.
In 1941 he published a volume of poetry, Garip ("Strange"), in collaboration with the poets Oktay Rifat and Melih Cevdet Anday.
He was a member of a group of young poets who were dubbed "The Second New" (the first new poets being Orhan Veli Kanik, Oktay Rifat, and Melih Cevdet Anday of the "Garip" [Strange] group).