Olga Berggolts

(redirected from Ol'ga Berggol'ts)

Berggol’ts, Ol’ga Fedorovna

 

Born May 3 (16), 1910, in St. Petersburg. Soviet Russian writer. Member of the CPSU since 1940. Born into a doctor’s family.

In 1930, Berggol’ts graduated from the philological department of the University of Leningrad and went to work for a newspaper. Her first verse was published in 1924. Her novella Uglich (1932) and the collection Poems (1934) were commented on favorably by M. Gorky in his correspondence with her. In 1935 she published the collection of short stories Night in the New World and in 1936 a collection of short stories entitled Book of Songs. She reached her creative maturity during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45. Having lived through the blockade of Leningrad, Berggol’ts dedicated several works to the heroic defenders of the city: February Diary and Poem of Leningrad (both 1942), Your Road (1945), and the collection This Is Leningrad Speaking (1946). The confessional poetry of Berggol’ts, brought into being by the war, determined the structure of the narrative poem Pervorossiisk (1950; State Prize of the USSR, 1951), which was devoted to the first builders of socialism, as well as the structure of the poetic tragedy entitled Loyalty (1954), about the defense of Sevastopol’ in 1941–42. The autobiographical book of lyrical prose Stars by Day (1959; film version, 1968) encompasses all that she experienced. A collection of her verse entitled The Knot was published in 1965. Her work is distinguished by profound lyricism, dramatic effect, and an inspired tone. Berggol’ts has been awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

WORKS

Sobr. soch., vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1958.
Izbr. proizv., vols. 1–2. [With a preface by A. Iashin.] Leningrad, 1967.

REFERENCE

Tsurikova, G. Ol’ga Berggol’ts. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.

S. S. LESNEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Inber's relationships with coworkers like Vera Ketlinskaia, a writer and the secretary of Leningrad's Writers' Union, and with her fellow poet and radio announcer Ol'ga Berggol'ts appear to have been cool.
Berggol'ts expressed disdain for her; see Ol'ga Berggol'ts, Blokadnyi dnevnik (1941-1945) (St.
Katharine Hodgson's monograph on Ol'ga Berggol'ts is important not only because of the high quality of the literary analysis it contains (although it certainly deserves praise for this), but also because of its subject.
Ol'ga Berggol'ts presents a paradox by the fact that while she started out as a disciple of Nikolai Kliuev, Nikolai Gumilev, and the Formalists, she became a 'Komsomol poet', and until her last years preserved a belief in the romantic ideals of the revolution.
Zolotonosov develops his argument through five chronological blocks around which the book is organized: the ideological campaigns of 1946-49; the antirevisionist meetings of 1956-57 that chastised Ol'ga Berggol'ts; and the vilification campaigns against Boris Pasternak in 1958, Iosif Brodskii in 1963-67, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in 1969-70.
I want to, but I cannot because of the loss of public sincerity during the Soviet period due to the total discord between personal and social consciousness." (51) After receiving the news of the fall of Kiev, Ol'ga Berggol'ts (unlike Prishvin, a convinced Communist) mused: "Was this the fault of the people?
(52) Ol'ga Berggol'ts, Ol'ga: Zapretnyi dnevnik (St.
In 1960, the Leningrad poet Ol'ga Berggol'ts recalled in her diary a discussion she had had with another member of the late 1920s and early 1930s commune movement.
Whether in factory, collective farm, school, or research institute, I asserted that "to ensure the survival of the commune, its members would take action against individuals whose behavior might threaten its existence through nonconformity with the prevailing ideology and social norms." (16) When Ol'ga Berggol'ts wrote, "The spirit of the commune has vanished," she was writing about the komrnuna, the ideologically conscious communes set up by idealists--whether religious or communist in inspiration--in the 1920s.
See, for example, Katharine Hodgson, Voicing the Soviet Experience: The Poetry of Ol'ga Berggol'ts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).
From Ostrovskaia's full diary entry of 22 September 1946 we learn that Ostrovskaia and Akhmatova were drinking vodka all day in the company of the poet Ol'ga Berggol'ts and her husband, all three doing everything in their power to cheer Akhmatova up.