Old Castile


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Related to Old Castile: New Castile

Old Castile,

Spain: see CastileCastile
, Span. Castilla , historic region and former kingdom, central and N Spain, traditionally divided into Old Castile and New Castile, and now divided among the autonomous communities of Castile and Léon, Castile–La Mancha, and Madrid.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Old Castile

 

a historic region in Spain, situated primarily in the Meseta. Area, 66,100 sq km; population, 2.2 million (1971). The region includes the provinces of Santander, Palencia, Burgos, Logroño, Valladolid, Soria, Segovia, and Avila. The administrative center is the city of Burgos.

Old Castile is an agricultural and industrial region. There are large landholdings, but land use is minimal. Pulse crops and sugar beets are the region’s principal crops. In 1971, Old Castile produced 18.9 percent of Spain’s wheat, 14.8 percent of the oats, 31.2 percent of the barley, 16.3 percent of the rye, and 31.1 percent of the sugar beets. Grapes are grown and made into wine in the La Rioja region (Logroño Province). More than 3 million head of sheep are raised in Old Castile, accounting for about one-fifth of the national herd; there is also beef and dairy cattle raising.

Deposits of iron and zinc ores, oil, and coal are worked in the region. In 1971 the various sectors of the manufacturing industry had a work force of approximately 110,000: the metallurgy, machine-building, and metalworking industries employed 26,200 persons, the food-processing industry 22,900 persons, and the chemical industry 14,600 persons. Most of the region’s industrial enterprises are located in Santander Province; for example, there are metallurgical plants in the cities of Reinosa and Los Corrales de Buelna, zinc mines in Reocin, shipyards in the city of Santander, and chemical plants in Torrelavega. Valladolid is also an important industrial center, producing aluminum, fertilizers, and about 20 percent of the country’s motor vehicles. In 1971 electrical energy production, provided mainly by steam power plants, totaled 3.5 billion kW-hr. The freight turnover at the seaport of Santander was 3.7 million tons in 1973.

S. V. ODESSER

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Old Castile

a region of N Spain, on the Bay of Biscay: formerly a province
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This study of a handful of municipalities in Old Castile is encyclopedic, an extensive analysis of sociological, anthropological, and economic theories, a detailed description of communal prerogatives with respect to its citizenry, and a masterful use of archival evidence.
The on-going process of Segovian links with Portugal has to be borne in mind, if the effects of the Portuguese War of Independence in this important commercial and industrial area of Old Castile are to be placed in historical context.
But with a few days left, we jumped into our Mitsubishi Shogun and ran into a heatwave baking the high plains of Old Castile.
In Samba Brasilia (Volume 1), a pervasive dotted-quarter, dotted quarter, quarter pattern common to several Latin dances dominates the composition; Saturday Stroll (Volume 2) "swings," and In Old Castile (Volume 3) meshes right-hand triplet quarters with a left-hand habanera pattern.
The city is studded with simple Romanesque and early Gothic churches dating from the twelfth century, built to consolidate old Castile's sense of security following a series of victorious campaigns against Moorish invaders.
HORSING AROUND: The spirit of old Castile is summoned up by these prancing horses in Spain
The journey captures the scenery, mighty cathedrals and villages of Old Castile and Galicia and costs pounds 599.