Old Catholic Church


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Old Catholic Church

 

a Christian movement that diverged from Roman Catholicism after Vatican Council I (1869–70). The Old Catholics reject the primacy of the pope, the dogmas of papal infallibility, the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, the addendum to the Creed known as the Filioque (seeCATHOLICISM), and obligatory celibacy for the clergy. They recognize only the first seven ecumenical councils.

One of the founders of Old Catholicism was J. Döllinger, a professor at the University of Munich, who was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1871. The first congress of Old Catholics took place in Munich in 1871. From its beginning in Germany, the movement spread to Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Poland, the USA, and elsewhere.

References in periodicals archive ?
This electoral weakening reflected a decline in the drawing-power of the liberals due to the arrival of a new generation of voters, a weakening of the Old Catholic Church, and--perhaps most important of all--the movement of the liberals in a more conservative direction.
Overall, these essays reflect theological connections more than narrow specializations, raise hopeful and stimulating liturgical possibilities for church unity, and acquaint readers with the status and ecumenical potential of the Old Catholic Church. It is a worthy tribute to a man who has championed these very causes.
Bishop Richard Roberts of the Old Catholic church, who helped start the Mother Teresa Parish, said the nun was an example for Christians and that the Roman Catholic church cannot copyright the ideals she represents.
Although the Old Catholic church is small in membership, numbering about 300,000 worldwide and 50,000 in the United States, the ordinations are important because they mark the first time that women have been ordained openly by a bishop whose authority to ordain is unquestioned by the Vatican.
Again, Leonard's ordination was "conditional" because it was judged that his prior ordination as an Anglican might have been valid because of the involvement of a bishop of the Old Catholic church of Utrecht, who had been validly ordained.
Aside from the pink beach in San Antonio, Northern Samar also has the rock formations in Biri, the old Catholic churches in Capul island and in Palapag, and the oldest lighthouse in the country in Batag Island, Laoang.
A detailed account of the modern bilateral Anglican ecumenical dialogue follows, outlining the work between the Roman Catholic and Old Catholic churches, the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox communions, and partners from Lutheran, Reformed, Baptist, and Methodist churches.
Eastern Orthodoxy restored the female diaconate, as did the Old Catholic Churches. This tradition of the female diaconate conflicts with the Catholic insistence that women have never been ordained and so the church has no authority from Christ to do so now.
Founded in 1959, CEC is an ecumenical fellowship of some 120 Orthodox, Protestant, Anglican and Old Catholic Churches from all countries of Europe plus 40 associated organizations.
The Reformed Catholic Church, is an independent Catholic denomination with historical ties to the Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican and Old Catholic churches. However, due to differences in theology and polity, the RCC is not affiliated nor it is in communion with the Roman Church.
The old Catholic churches in Capul island and Palapag town and the Catarman Cathedral are also favorite destinations for pilgrims.