Old Catholic Church


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Old Catholic Church

 

a Christian movement that diverged from Roman Catholicism after Vatican Council I (1869–70). The Old Catholics reject the primacy of the pope, the dogmas of papal infallibility, the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, the addendum to the Creed known as the Filioque (seeCATHOLICISM), and obligatory celibacy for the clergy. They recognize only the first seven ecumenical councils.

One of the founders of Old Catholicism was J. Döllinger, a professor at the University of Munich, who was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1871. The first congress of Old Catholics took place in Munich in 1871. From its beginning in Germany, the movement spread to Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Poland, the USA, and elsewhere.

References in periodicals archive ?
The member churches--the Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands, Catholic Diocese of the Old Catholics in Germany, Old Catholic Church of Austria, Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, Old Catholic Church of the Czech Republic, and the Polish-Catholic Church of Poland--are considered by the Catholic Church to have valid sacraments and orders.
For the purposes of this essay, the focus is on the Old Catholic Church signers to the Union of Utrecht that the Catholic Church recognizes as having valid sacraments and orders.
The votes of the synods of the Old Catholic Churches in Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, and Switzerland to admit women to the diaconate and, later, to the priesthood and, in theory, to the episcopate led the Old Catholic Church in the Czech Republic to consider the matter.
However, even without consideration of the actions taken by the Old Catholic Church in the Czech Republic or those Old Catholic Churches in Switzerland, Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands, official Catholic reaction to the ordination of women to the diaconate in the Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches would shed light on the Catholic Church's understanding of its own history.
3) The Old Catholic Church of Switzerland first ordained women deacons in about 1991 and priests in 2002.
Bishop Richard Roberts of the Old Catholic church, who helped start the Mother Teresa Parish, said the nun was an example for Christians and that the Roman Catholic church cannot copyright the ideals she represents.
After nine months, in November 1985, Hickman opened his Old Catholic church -- in a mortuary chapel rented for $50.
Although the Old Catholic church is small in membership, numbering about 300,000 worldwide and 50,000 in the United States, the ordinations are important because they mark the first time that women have been ordained openly by a bishop whose authority to ordain is unquestioned by the Vatican.
Male priests of the Old Catholic church are considered valid, though illicit, by the Vatican.
branch of the Old Catholic church is known - is the leading Old Catholic bishop in this country.
Old Catholic bishops wrote, would be to "violate the sacred tradition of the Catholic church" and to rupture the Union of Utrecht, the profession of faith that founded the Old Catholic church in 1889.
Still, the apostolic succession of priests and bishops of the Old Catholic church is unquestioned, Gros said.