Old High German


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Old High German

a group of West Germanic dialects that eventually developed into modern German; High German up to about 1200: spoken in the Middle Ages on the upper Rhine, in Bavaria, Alsace, and elsewhere, including Alemannic, Bavarian, Langobardic, and Upper Franconian
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Already in the Old High German period as a result of the stem redistribution, there is a suffix -nari, compare gartinari 'gardener' from garto 'garden' (stem on -n) and sculdinari 'debtor' from sculda 'debt'.
As a result of such an attitude in the nation, there is no work in Old High German comparable to The Anglo-Saxon chronicle, and the basic source of our knowledge concerning this region are Latin works such as Annales Fuldenses (Annals of Fulda).
For the Old High German personal name Hagustalt, attested from ca.
Schwarz notes the close similarity between certain Celtic and Germanic names (Celtic Segimerus, Old High German Sigimar) but urges caution: "Die engen Beruhrungen mit keltischen Namen ...
According to his grouping, which includes Gothic evidence as well, the Germanic reduplicated verbs can be subdivided into six major types (reduced later to four): (a) the Gothic reduplicating type, (b) the Old Norse verbapura type in -r-, (c) the Old High German verba impura type in -r-, (d) the Anglian syncopated r-less type, (e) the Anglian syncopated r-type, (f) the Northwest Germanic e-type (Bech 1969: 3) (cf.
The (apparently editorial) decision regarding capitalization of English nouns is uncommon (as in "secondary Umlaut in old high German," p.
Hildebrandslied ("Song of Hildebrand") Old High German alliterative heroic ballad on the fatalistic theme of a duel of honor between a father and a son.
These papers traverse a wide geography, dealing with issues of relationships, linkages, literacies, and the social context of interactions with Latin of a smorgasbord of antique and medieval languages, including Middle Welsh, Greek, Old Swedish, and related Scandinavian languages, Old and Middle Irish, Old English, a number of Romance languages (such as Castilian, Leonese, Old and Middle French, Gaulish Latin), and Old High German. In places, the contributions consider social conditions that influence usage, such as Michael W.
The topics include information structure, constituent order, and case in Warihio, an Uto-Aztecan language spoken in Mexico; the information structure of object-verb-subject in Vedic; the decline of post-verbal topical subjects in Serbo-Croat; prosody, information structure, and word order changes in Portuguese; and evidence for two types of focus position in Old High German.
Since its first appearance in 1969, Schutzeichel' Althochdeutsches Worterbuch has established itself as an essential work of reference for students of Old High German, and its usefulness is confirmed by the number of subsequent revised editions which have proved necessary.
The words love and Liebe (German) are derived from old Germanic words with the same meaning, such ms tuba (Old High German) By contrast the word for love has a divine origin in all languages derived from Latin since amor, amore and amour invariably originate from the Roman god Amor, also known as Cupid in English (Latin: Cupido)
These notes are not concerned with the coverage of Old English in The Oxford English Dictionary, a subject which I have discussed elsewhere,(14) merely with the history in Modern English of terms such as Old English, Middle English, Old High German, Middle High German, and the rare Old Germanic, an aspect of Historical Linguistics that involves OED in its record of the English language of which it has reason to be proud.