Old Persian


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Old Persian: Avestan
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Old Persian

 

one of the ancient languages of the Iranian group. Old Persian is known from cuneiform inscriptions dating from the time of the Achaemenid dynasty (558-330 B.C.). The largest collection of inscriptions was preserved from the period when Darius I (522-486 B.C.) and Xerxes I (486-465 B.C.) ruled. Old Persian was spoken in southwestern Iran.

Phonetically, Old Persian is characterized by oppositions based on vowel length. The grammatical structure ot Old Persian, which possessed a well-developed system of inflectional forms, is similar to that of Avestan and Sanskrit. Distinctions were made between masculine, feminine, and neuter genders; singular, dual, and plural number; and nominative, accusative, genitivedative, locative, ablative, instrumental, and vocative cases. The verb system consisted of active and middle voices; indicative, imperative, optative, and subjunctive moods; present, imperfect, aorist, and perfect tenses.

REFERENCES

Oranskii, I. M.Vvedenie v iranskuiu filologiiu. Moscow, 1960.
Oranskii, I. M.Iranskie iazyki. Moscow, 1963.
Bartholomae, C.Altiranisches Wörterbuch, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1961.
Brandenstein, W., and M. Mayrhofer.Handbuch des Altpersischen. Wiesbaden, 1964.
Kent, R.Old Persian: Grammar, Texts, Lexicon, 2nd ed. New Haven, 1953.
Meillet, A.Grammaire du vieux perse, 2nd ed. Paris, 1931.

V. S. RASTORGUEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After a narrow success on his Meydan bow, Old Persian was a cosy winner of the Sheema Classic when last seen - taking on some decent Japanese performers.
"If anything, we feel that Old Persian might have become quicker this year, and the way he travels through his races suggests that Epsom Downs will play to his strengths."
The Manichean Middle Persian adjective fryh, pryh, pryy, Parthian fryh, pry, was, in my opinion, probably fri or friy from Old Persian *friya-, Avestan friia-, and the superlative friyistom (fristom) and frihistom.
In fact, Old Persian has lost only one of his last four races and seems to be overlooked by the bookies.
Although O'Brien-trained duo of Rostropovich and Giuseppe Garibaldi tried to close, Old Persian was always going well and wouldn't be caught.
Turkey had not yet formed then and Afghanistan was part of the Khorasan Province in the old Persian Empire.
A two year old persian cat was presented with history of abnormal dark spot on the cornea.
Thousand years old Persian, Arabic and Turkish manuscripts are worth watching.
Likely named for an old Persian town called Fisinjan (according to historian and author Nawal Nasrallah), the disha delightful combination of sweet, savory, and tart, blending pomegranates, onions, and turmericis one of the glories of the old Silk Road.
The earliest record of the name of Cappadocia dates from the late 6th century BC, when it appears in the trilingual inscriptions of two early Achaemenid kings, Darius I and Xerxes, as one of the countries (Old Persian dahyu-) of the Persian Empire.
Rare books including a hundred- year- old copy of the Holy Quran and several centuries old Persian manuscripts and books were also on display.
The word "paradise" comes down to us from the Old Persian for "walled garden," and it is just that feeling of escape into another, better world that we seek to share with our friends.