Old Prussian


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Old Prussian

 

the language of the Baltic tribes of Prussians, who in times past inhabited the southern shores of the Baltic Sea. Old Prussian is related to the West Baltic subgroup of the Baltic group of the Indo-European language family (together with the Yotvingian language, extinct since the 17th century, which many linguists consider to be a dialect of Old Prussian).

As a result of the conquest of Prussian territory by the Teutonic Order in the 13th century and the subsequent germanization of the native population, the Old Prussian language had disappeared by the early 18th century. In addition to Prussian personal names and geographical designations, Old Prussian written records have been preserved, including the Elbing (German-Prussian) vocabulary, compiled in the 14th century (contains 802 words, primarily nouns); a list of 100 Prussian words contained in the chronicle of Simon Grunau (early 16th century); and translations from German of religious texts, including two catechisms (1545) and Luther’s Enchiridion (1561).

REFERENCES

Gornung, B. V.Iz predystorii obrazovaniia obshcheslavianskogo iazykovogo edinstva. Moscow, 1963.
Voprosy slavianskogo iazykoznaniia, issue 3. Moscow, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the second half of the 16th century, with the support of the Duke of Prussia, three catechisms were produced in Old Prussian --significant testaments to this extinct language.
The Old Prussian language disappeared for the most part after the Great Plague at the start of the 18th century, when almost all of the "pure" Prussians died.
In the 1980s, working with preserved examples of the Old Prussian language, the German linguist Gunther Kraft Skalwynas and the Lithuanian linguist Letas Palmaitis were able to reconstruct the Old Prussian language, which they named New Prussian.
The Latvian and Lithuanian people have the Old Prussians to thank more than anyone else for their existence.
The Old Prussians belonged to the Western Baltic group of tribes, which also included the Curonians, Samogitians, Skalvians, Galindians, and Yotvingians.
The region that was the richest of all was that inhabited by the Old Prussians
Details of the sacred groves of the Old Prussians can be found in a number of chronicles.
The Old Prussians were allowed to make sacrifices to the three high gods only in Ramava.
It's possible that the Old Prussians did not pray directly to God, but through God's sons--Patrimps, Parkuns, and Patolls--to whom God had given authority over the world.
When the legendary rulers of the Old Prussians, Prutens and Vudevuts, had reached more than a hundred years of age, the Prussian lands were divided between the sons of Vudevuts; it is from them that each of the regions takes its name.