Old Prussian


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Old Prussian

 

the language of the Baltic tribes of Prussians, who in times past inhabited the southern shores of the Baltic Sea. Old Prussian is related to the West Baltic subgroup of the Baltic group of the Indo-European language family (together with the Yotvingian language, extinct since the 17th century, which many linguists consider to be a dialect of Old Prussian).

As a result of the conquest of Prussian territory by the Teutonic Order in the 13th century and the subsequent germanization of the native population, the Old Prussian language had disappeared by the early 18th century. In addition to Prussian personal names and geographical designations, Old Prussian written records have been preserved, including the Elbing (German-Prussian) vocabulary, compiled in the 14th century (contains 802 words, primarily nouns); a list of 100 Prussian words contained in the chronicle of Simon Grunau (early 16th century); and translations from German of religious texts, including two catechisms (1545) and Luther’s Enchiridion (1561).

REFERENCES

Gornung, B. V.Iz predystorii obrazovaniia obshcheslavianskogo iazykovogo edinstva. Moscow, 1963.
Voprosy slavianskogo iazykoznaniia, issue 3. Moscow, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the parish councillors first discussed and then accepted Posth's seven point decision paper, they declared their agreement with several of his Confessing Church assertions: (1) that the Old Prussian Union Church had adopted un-Protestant teaching and practises in 1933, (2) that the Protestants who opposed the teachings and practices that contradicted the Bible and Reformation confessions had congregated as the Confessing Church, (3) that the Confessing Church was the only legitimate church leadership, and (4) that they pledged to support Confessing Church institutions with their finances.
Pachali supported the Confessing Church but did not become a formal member because he chose to remain under the authority of the Old Prussian Union Church government.
His reply to the response of the Consistory to Stackebrandt's grievance was a full-scale essay, an explication of Posth's most fundamental church-political positions, and a blistering attack on the theology and praxis of the Old Prussian Union Church government.