Old Sarum


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Old Sarum

(sâr`əm), site of a former city, Wiltshire, S England, just N of SalisburySalisbury
or New Sarum
, town (1991 pop. 36,890), Wiltshire, S England. A market town, Salisbury was founded in 1220 when the bishopric was moved there from Old Sarum. Squares or "checkers" are characteristic of the regular plan of the town.
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 (New Sarum). Excavations and scanning technologies have revealed remains of a British Iron Age fort, the Roman station Sorbiodunum, and a later Saxon then Norman town in the old settlement's mound. The bishopric, moved to Old Sarum from Sherborne in 1075, was transferred to Salisbury in 1220. Old Sarum's cathedral was torn down and parts of it were used in the construction of the cathedral at Salisbury. At Old Sarum the Use of Sarum (or Salisbury), a liturgical variant of the Roman Rite adopted in S England, was compiled.

Old Sarum was an important city until strife between the men of the castle and garrison and the men of the religious institution arose. It was that turmoil which led to the cathedral's removal and eventually to the decay of the old city; water shortage and harsh winds may also have been causes of its decline. Henry VIII ended the use of the castle in 1514. The "rotten borough" of Old Sarum continued to be represented in Parliament until the Reform Bill of 1832 was passed.

References in periodicals archive ?
THE last folk to live in Old Sarum would have called it witchcraft but now the buried medieval city has been mapped - with radar.
Bettany Hughes and Ben Robinson visit Old Sarum, just outside Salisbury in Wiltshire, once one of our most important cities.
BOG STASTAST NDARD The runners-up to Housesteads in English Heritage's Top 10 historic loos were: Old Sarum, Wiltshire, where deep cesspits at the Norman castle were probably underneath rooms, like private bathrooms.
Location = GOSkydive, Hanger 3, Old Sarum Airfield, Salisbury, Wiltshire, SP4 6DZ.
Best known among these later works is his brooding view of Old Sarum (Fig.
Three essays delve into texts and practice at Salisbury Cathedral, with discussion of the role of Old Sarum in processions at Salisbury, and analysis of Sarum missals and breviaries.
It is part of the road that goes from Badbury Rings to the fort at Dorchester and was part of the network of roads from Old Sarum (now Salisbury) to Exeter," he added.
ENGLAND DECEMBER 4-5: The Iron Age hill fort of Old Sarum, Wiltshire, is getting into the festive spirit.
Turner, who is now set to spend time recuperating with her family in Nottinghamshire, said she cannot fully recall Tuesday's fall, which occurred when the three-year-old Old Sarum broke a shoulder.
30pmA NATIONAL charity that trains pilots with disabilities to fly microlight aircraft celebrated its 10th anniversary at Old Sarum,Salisbury airfield this week.
He has also set up the world's first flying school for severely disabled people at Old Sarum, near Salisbury, Wiltshire.
Contractor address : Portway House, Old Sarum Park,