Old Uighur

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Old Uighur

 

the language of the ancient Uighurs, represented by various dialects and similar to the language of the Orkhon Turks—the ancient Oghuz.

Records from the fifth to the ninth centuries include inscriptions in the runic Orkhon alphabet adapted for carving in stone (such as the Selenga Stone) and manuscripts in the Old Sogdian vertical alphabet—Manichaean Uighur manuscripts (such as The Penitential Prayer of the Manichaeans) and, in a lesser number, Buddhist Uighur manuscripts. Records from the tenth to the 15th centuries are Muslim Uighur, written in the Arabic alphabet.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Beijing government has sought to erase evidence of Uighur life in Xinjiang (Uighurs are a Turkic-Muslim and nomadic people), sometimes literally bulldozing old Uighur communities to make new streets for the Han Chinese population.
This can be called quite a good plan." [29] It is evident from this letter that by the time of the envoy's arrival in the spring of 844, and quite possibly by the time of the letter's composition in the spring of 845, [30] the Kirghiz still had not occupied the old Uighur heartland--the Orkhon valley--or territory near it.
Press, 1994), 65, simply states that "in 924-5 A-pao-chi led a great expedition into the steppe, which conquered the tribes of northern Mongolia and reached as far as the old Uighur capital city Ordu Baliq [sic], on the Orkhon River." There is no suggestion of a war with the Kirghiz, or a Kirghiz presence in Mongolia, but neither are the "tribes of northern Mongolia" identified.