Oldcastle, Sir John
Oldcastle, Sir John,1378?–1417, English leader of LollardryLollardry
medieval English movement for ecclesiastical reform, led by John Wyclif, whose "poor priests" spread his ideas about the countryside in the late 14th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . He married the heiress of Lord Cobham in 1408 and was known as "the good Lord Cobham." Under the rule of Henry IV he performed valuable military service, especially in Wales, where he became a friend of the prince of Wales (later Henry V). His devotion to the teachings of John WyclifWyclif, Wycliffe, Wickliffe, or Wiclif, John
, c.1328–1384, English religious reformer. A Yorkshireman by birth, Wyclif studied and taught theology and philosophy at Oxford.
..... Click the link for more information. brought upon him in 1413 condemnation for heresy. Oldcastle escaped from the Tower of London and was active in Lollard conspiracies until 1417, when he was captured and condemned. He was executed by hanging over a slow fire.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/