Oleaceae


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Related to Oleaceae: Onagraceae, Rosaceae, Amaranthaceae

Oleaceae

[‚ō·lē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Scrophulariales characterized generally by perfect flowers, two stamens, axile to parietal or apical placentation, a four-lobed corolla, and two ovules in each locule.

Oleaceae

 

(olive), a family of dicotyledonous plants, including trees, shrubs, and some lianas. The leaves are usually opposite and exstipulate. The flowers, which are primarily bisexual, regular, and four-parted, are gathered in inflorescences. The calyx is generally small or sometimes absent. The fruits are capsules, drupes, berries, or samaras. There are approximately 30 genera, with 600 species, distributed in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions. About 25 species are found in the USSR. The most important plants are those of the genus Olea, whose fruits are rich in oil. Many species ofFraxinus (ash) yield high-quality lumber. The family Oleaceae also includes many species that are raised as ornamentals, such as forsythias, lilacs, jasmines, the Phillyrea, and privets. Certain species of Jasminum, and other genera yield valuable essential oils.

REFERENCES

Vasil’ev, V. N. “Maslinovye-Oleaceae Lind!.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. MoscowLeningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Except the dominant Fagaceae and Lauraceae species, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae and Oleaceae species have higher phytosociological importance.
Albert, "Phylogeny and classification of Oleaceae based on rps16 and trnL-F sequence data," American Journal of Botany, vol.
Villalba, "An enzymatically active [beta]-1,3-glucanase from ash pollen with allergenic properties: A particular member in the oleaceae family," PLoS ONE, vol.
(2015) in Madison County, Ohio, indicates that the bulk of the pollens come from trees (Sapindaceae, Oleaceae, and Rosaceae), dandelions (Taraxacum officinale) and mustard (Brassicaceae).
Summary: In this study, we have investigated phytochemical classes, antileishmanial and cytotoxic activity of Fraxinus xanthoxyloides (Oleaceae) leaves.
Such a biological active compound seems to be secoiridoid, such as oleacein, often occurring in the plants from the family of Oleaceae. Oleacein (dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl elenolic acid linked to hydroxytyrosol; 3,4-DHPEAEDA) is structurally derived from a glucoside oleuropein, which is predominant compound of olive fruit and leaves (Olea europaea L.) (Alagna et al.
Oleo europea belongs to the family Oleaceae. It is an evergreen tree growing to 50 ft.
This was the case of Nyctaginaceae Bougainvillea glabra Choisy variegata (bougainvillea with variegated leaves) the Oleaceae Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk.