Adam Olearius

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Olearius, Adam


(also Adam Ölschläger). Born Aug. 16, 1603, in Saxony; died Feb. 23, 1671, in Gottorp, Schleswig. German scholar.

Olearius studied at the University of Leipzig, where he later taught. He served as court mathematician and librarian for the Duke of Holstein. He knew Russian and Arabic. In 1633–34, Olearius visited Russia as a member of the Schleswig-Holstein embassy; he traveled in Iran during a journey that lasted from 1635 to 1639. In 1639 he settled in Gottorp. In 1643, Olearius began editing the diaries of his journeys, which were later published in German in Schleswig in 1647.

Olearius’ works provide information about the geography and history of Russia and about the peoples who lived there, their settlements, and their customs and mores. His works contain many maps and drawings. He published a German translation of works by Persian and Arab poets, including Saadi’s Gulistan (The Rose Garden), in 1654.


Opisanie puteshestviia v Moskoviiu i cherez Moskoviiu v Persiiu i obratno. St. Petersburg, 1906.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Among the unique engravings are pictures of Shamakhi from the book of the German geographer Adam Olearius, who, as part of the delegation ofthe Schleswig-Holstein duchy (now in Germany and Denmark), stayed twice in Shamakhi on the way to Persia (from December 30, 1636 to March 28, 1637) and on the way back (from February 20 to March 30, 1638).
The first chapter argues that both diplomats and scholars specializing in ceremonial questions considered the Muscovite tsar an integral part of the society of Christian princes, although many of their contemporaries, inspired directly or indirectly by Herberstein's and Oleariuss texts on Moscow, framed their description of Russia within the discourse of "barbarism." Moreover, in the long run Herberstein and Olearius also influenced the historical literature, creating the impression of a radical Russian otherness (35-44).
Proximate composition and functional properties of mushroom flours from Ganoderma spp., Omphalotus olearius (DC.) Sing.
In previous studies conducted with mushrooms on oxidative stress, it was determined that TAS values of Omphalotus olearius and Paxillus involutus were 2.827 and 1.230, TOS values were 14.210 and 7.533, and OSI values were 0.503 and 0.613, respectively [35, 36].
Thus, the German diplomat Adam Olearius, who visited the Muscovy kingdom in the mid-1630s, reported about the Russians:
[[double dagger], NR] Omphalotus olearius (DC.) Singer [[dagger], [double dagger]] Ossicaulis lignatilis (Pers.) Redhead & Ginns [[dagger]] Ozonium omnivorum Shear [[double dagger], NR] Panaeolina foenisecii (Pers.) Maire [[dagger]] Panaeolus campanulatus (Bull.) Quel.
In particularly, the fungus Omphalotus olearius, a luminescent mushroom that produced omphalotin A, showing nematicidal property against the root-knot nematode, M.
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