Oleg Aleksandrovich Melnikov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mel’nikov, Oleg Aleksandrovich


Born Mar. 20 (Apr. 2), 1912, in the city of Khvalynsk, now in Saratov Oblast. Soviet astronomer. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1960).

Mel’nikov graduated from the University of Kharkov in 1933. In 1939 he became a senior research worker at the Central Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR at Pulkovo. His chief works deal with astrospectroscopy, solar physics, the interstellar medium, astronomical instrumentation, and the history of astrophysics. He worked on the construction of the world’s largest reflecting telescope (6 m). Mel’nikov has been awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor and several medals.


Spektrofotometriia zvezd 8 Tsefeia i i] Orla i K-effekt dlia tsefeid. Leningrad, 1950.
“O novom zakone izbiratel’nogo pogloshcheniia v Galaktike.” Izv. Glavnoi astronomicheskoi observatorii AN SSSR, 1960, vol. 21, issue 4, no. 163.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oleg Aleksandrovich Melnikov born; a Soviet astrophysicist; worked at the Pulkovo Observatory; studied the Sun, the stars and interstellar matter by spectroscopic methods.