oligodendroglioma

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oligodendroglioma

[‚äl·ə·gō·den‚dräg·lē′ō·mə]
(medicine)
A slowly growing, large, well-defined cerebral glioma, composed of small cells with richly chromatic nuclei and scanty, poorly staining cytoplasm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phase II trial of preirradiation and concurrent temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and mixed anaplastic oligoastrocytomas: RTOG BR0131.
They located changes in the IDH1 gene in more than 70 percent of three common types of gliomas: low-grade astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and secondary glioblastomas.
Ki-67 in brain tumors Ki-67 staining can be 68, 69 quantitated in brain tumors (oligodendrogliomas, astrocytomas) by using IA, and the staining shows correlations to prognosis.
Oligodendrogliomas: Oligodendrogliomas were 2 in number in our study accounting for 5.88% of gliomas.
Gliomas (a) Astrocytomas: Circumscribed-juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma, pleomorphic xanthocytoma, subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, diffuse, optic pathway glioma, anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme (b) Oligodendrogliomas (c) Ependymomas (d) Choroid plexus tumors--papilloma or carcinoma.
Mutations in IDH1 are frequent (70%-80%) in World Health Organization (WHO) grades II and III astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and oligoastrocytomas, as well as glioblastomas (GBMs; WHO grade IV) that have progressed from these lower-grade neoplasms (secondary GBMs).
(3) Other commonly seen tumors in adults are glioblastomas, oligodendrogliomas, meningiomas, metastases, pituitary adenomas, neurilemmomas of the VIII nerve and hemangioblastomas.
Most oligodendrogliomas, but also a large percentage of astrocytomas and glioblastomas, have also been shown to express SOX10.
Oligodendrogliomas are part of the infiltrating glial neoplasms and, as such, are characterized by secondary structures of Scherer, which are perineuronal satellitosis, perivascular satellitosis, subpial aggregation, and infiltration of white matter tracts.
There are numerous types of gliomas which are entitled based on the origin of the cell type including oligodendrogliomas, astrocytoma, ependymomas, and glioblastoma.
Diffuse glial tumors of the central nervous system are classified by the World Health Organization as astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and mixed oligoastrocytomas according to histological findings (1).
Oligodendrogliomas are tumours that originate in the brain instead of spreading from elsewhere.