Oligodon


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oligodon

 

a genus of nonpoisonous snakes of the family Colubridae. The body length measures to 80 cm. Most species have a pattern of stripes along and across the body. There are approximately 60 species, which are distributed in the southern part of the Asian continent and in Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and the Malay archipelago. In the USSR, Oligodon taeniolatus is found in southern Turkmenia. Most species inhabit rugged terrain, and many are burrowers. Oligodon feed on invertebrates and small vertebrates. Some species eat the eggs of amphibians, reptiles, and small birds, cutting through the shells with the large back teeth of the upper jaw, which are laterally compressed. Oligodon are oviparous.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Herpetological fauna of Dir Lower and Dir Upper districts (Northern mountainous region) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan contains 11 species of lizards (Calotes versicolor farooqi, Laudakia agrorensis, Eublepharis macularius, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Hemidactylus brookii, Hemidactylus flaviviridis, Ophisops jerdonii, Asymblepharus himalayanus, Eurylepis taeniolatus, Eutropis dissimilis and Varanus bengalensis) and 16 species of snakes (Eryx johnii, Amphiesma stolatum, Boiga trigonata, Lycodon striatus, Oligodon arnensis, Oligodon taeniolatus, Platyceps rhodorachis, Platyceps ventromaculatus, Ptyas mucosus, Spalerosophis atriceps, Xenochrophis piscator, Gloydius himalayanus, Bungarus caeruleus, Naja oxiana, Typhlops porrectus, Echis carinatus).
Spalerosophis atriceps, Gloydius himalayanus and Oligodon arnensis is restricted to India, Nepal and Pakistan while Oligodon taeniolatus occurs in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Turkmenistan (Saikia et al., 2007) Naja oxiana has been reported from north western India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbakistan and Turkemanistan.
Only Gloydius himalayanus was collected from high altitudes of above 1750 meters till 2900 meters asl while Amphiesma stolatum, Xenochrophis piscator, Oligodon taeniolatus, Spalerosophis atriceps, Echis carinatus and Eryx johnii were not collected above an altitude of 1000 meters asl.
A two member rescue team was promptly dispatched to the location and upon arrival, identified the snake as a juvenile common kukri (Oligodon arnensis) also known as the banded kukri.
0.3 Selene vomer 0.6 Trachinotus carolinus 38.2 24.2 24.0 38.1 Trachinotus falcatus 0.6 0.3 Trachinotus goodei 5.4 6.1 5.5 17.7 Syngnathidae Syngnathus folletti Lobotidae Lobotes surinamensis 0.2 Gerreidae Non-identified larvae 25.5 13.1 44.7 6.8 Haemulidae Pomadasys corvinaeformis 0.6 Polynemidae Polydactylus oligodon Sciaenidae Menticirrhus americanus ** 0.2 Menticirrhus littoralis ** 0.6 0.4 4.1 Micropogonias fumieri * Umbrina coroides Pomatomidae Pomatomus saltatrix Paralichthyidae 0.2 Etropus crossotus Paralichthys orbignyanus Tetraodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyi Sphoeroides testudineus 0.2 Diodontidae Chilomycterus spp.
50-150 C M F Glycera alba 25-250 C M F Glycera longipinnis 25-100 C M F Glycera prashadi 250-325 C M F Glycinde oligodon 25-175 C M F Goniadides sp.
Eryngium balansae fue descrita para Paraguay, citada para Brasil y se cita ahora por primera vez para Argentina; este nombre de Wolff se ha visto complicado en una controversia nomenclatural, que involucra al taxon dudoso Eryngium oligodon Griseb., y que se discute mas adelante.
oligodon Griseb., con el ejemplar Balansa 1086 como tipo de ambos nombres.
8###Oligodon taeniolatus and Oligodon arnensis (Silvee)###The oil derived from its fat is believed to be antirheumatic and nervine.
0 4 4 (5.1) Eryx conicus 1 0 1 (1.3) Ahaetulla nasuta 1 0 1 (1.3) Ahaetulla pulverulenta 1 0 1 (1.3) Boiga beddomei 0 1 1 (1.3) Coelognathus helena 6 0 6 (7.7) Macropisthodon plumbicolor 7 5 12 (15.4) Oligodon arnensis 0 2 2 (2.6) Ptyas mucosa 1 0 1 (1.3) Bungarus caeruleus 1 2 3 (3.9) Calliophis nigrescens 0 1 1 (1.3) Daboia russelii 0 5 5 (6.4) Echis carinatus 1 1 2 (2.6) Hypnale hypnale 3 2 5 (6.4) Unidentified gecko 1 0 1 (1.3) Unidentified snake 2 0 2 (2.6) Total 44 34 78 (100.00) TABLE 3.