Oliguria


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Related to Oliguria: anuria

oliguria

[′äl·ə‚gyu̇r·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Diminished excretion of urine.

Oliguria

 

a decrease in the daily quantity of excreted urine from the normal 1,500 ml to 500 ml. Oliguria results from reduced filtration or increased reabsorption in the kidneys. Physiological oliguria arises with dehydration, which can result from water deprivation, excessive perspiration, vomiting, or diarrhea. It may also accompany blood loss; extensive burns and traumas; a drop in arterial pressure, as in shock and collapse; or increased production of the hormones aldosterone or vasopressin. Oliguria is frequently a symptom of kidney disease, for example, nephritis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical Symptoms of Patients admitted in Hospital Symptoms Number of Cases Percentage (%) Fever 120 100 Chill and Rigor 115 95.80 Nausea and Vomiting 62 51.60 Headache 59 49.16 Altered Sensorium 45 37.50 Convulsion 12 10 Loose Motion 12 10 Respiratory Distress 25 20.80 Oliguria (< 400 mL in 24 hrs.) 25 20.80 Bleeding Manifestation 4 3.30 Table 2.
Presence of oliguria has got worst prognostic implications.
Licari et al., "Oliguria as predictive biomarker of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients," Critical Care, vol.
On the third day of hospitalization, the patient was complicated by oliguria and increased creatinine.
Other anomalies found in fetus were oliguria, hyperkalemia, renal dysfunction, respiratory failure and joint contractures.
It may be associated with haematuria, dysuria, oliguria, nocturnal urinary incontinence, distension and pain in the bladder, flatulence, urethral pain extending to the abdomen, and the passage of small calculi.
Prognosis for renal recovery is worse in the presence of oliguria, presenting creatinine >6.8 or renal biopsy showing >50% crescent formation within glomeruli at time of diagnosis [26].
Our case focused on a 10-year-old boy with hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and recent oliguria, who on multiple imaging modalities demonstrated aneurysms of the bilateral renal arteries and infrarenal abdominal aorta.
On the second hospital day, she complained of aggravated tachypnoea (respiratory rate, 40 per minute) and oliguria (urine output [less than or equal to] 20 mL/h).
El grupo de pacientes sometidos a HD periodica (15,2 %, 175 pacientes) tenian una edad media de 67 anos, el 62% eran varones, el 46,8% diabeticos, el 64% presentaban oliguria y se sometieron a una media de 9 sesiones de dialisis.
In the follow-up, oliguria, edema or hypertension did not develop.