Olive Schreiner

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Schreiner, Olive

(shrī`nər), pseud.

Ralph Iron,

1855–1920, South African author and feminist, b. Wittebergen Reserve, Cape Colony. After several years as a governess, she went to England in 1881, taking with her the manuscript of her famous novel, The Story of an African Farm (1883). The novel, which has been likened to Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights, is an intense story of two children living in the African veldt; it was controversial because of its feminist and anti-Christian sentiments. Her later works included Dreams (1921), a collection of allegories; Women and Labour (1911); and a significant novel, unfinished, From Man to Man (1926). Her letters were edited (1924) by her husband, S. C. Cronwright-Schreiner, who also wrote her biography (1923, repr. 1973).

Schreiner, Olive


(pen name, Ralph Iron). Born Mar. 24, 1855, in Wittebergen Reserve, Cape Colony (now in Lesotho); died Dec. 11,1920, in Cape Town. South African writer.

Schreiner was one of the first proponents of Marxism in South Africa. She spoke out against women’s lack of rights and against racial discrimination. Her collection of short stories entitled Dreams (1890) reflected her faith in the future of humanity. Protest against the colonial war in South Africa and social injustice is strongly expressed in her short story “Trooper Peter Halkett of Mashonaland” (1897; Russian translation, “Trooper Peter Halkett,” 1900). Schreiner published the autobiographical novels The Story of an African Farm (1883), From Man to Man (published 1926), and Undine (published 1928). Schreiner warmly greeted the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia.


Sovremennye literatury Afriki: Vostochnaia i Iuzhnaia Afrika. Moscow, 1974. (See Index.)
Davidson, A. B. Iuzhnaia Afrika: Stanovlenie sil protesta, 1870–1924. Moscow, 1972. (See Index.)
References in periodicals archive ?
From Charlotte Perkins Gilman to Havelock Ellis to Olive Schreiner, each member of this group agreed that marriage needed to become more voluntary, more equal, and more pleasurable than it had been in previous iterations.
Ms Megan Marie Mulcahy, Olive Schreiner House, Rhodes University, Grahamstown
Accepting that such intention may in the past have been betrayed on its way to the reader, the editor, in this case, aims to restore the text, in such a way as to re-calibrate and redeem the relationship between Olive Schreiner and her readers.
Consequently, masochistic fantasy as a literary device is available to the champions of British Imperialism, among them Kipling and Conrad, as well as its critics, such as Robert Louis Stevenson and Olive Schreiner.
Boggie's home invasion is exactly what Olive Schreiner hopes to avert in Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1896).
He examines utopians such as Edward Carpenter, Havelock Ellis and Olive Schreiner, describing how they rejected what we now describe as Victorian patriarchy and prudery and promoted relationships based on equality, and describes the ways in which mutuality was tested in the first half of the twentieth century in youth clubs, marriage, and in studies of male sexuality and women's emancipation.
Lesser known work from established writers such as Bessie Head and Olive Schreiner are also included.
Dreams: Three Works by Olive Schreiner gathers together for the first time Schreiner's short, impressionistic, and politically nuanced pieces written between 1890 and 1924.
Dinnage discusses almost two dozen notable women, including the painter Gwen John, writers Rebecca West, Isak Dinesen, Katherine Mansfield, Barbara Pym and Olive Schreiner, theosophists Annie Besant and Madame Blavatsky, the opera singer La Strepponi, the reclusive Alice James and more.
Psychologist Havelock Ellis, novelists Olive Schreiner and HG Wells and the social reformers Sidney and Beatrice Webb form the core of Brandon's story.
The three chapters of Part 2 concern pro-empire soap advertisements; the British novel set in South Africa entitled King Solomon's Mines (1995); and the works of white South African writer Olive Schreiner (1855-1920).