Olive Schreiner

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Schreiner, Olive

(shrī`nər), pseud.

Ralph Iron,

1855–1920, South African author and feminist, b. Wittebergen Reserve, Cape Colony. After several years as a governess, she went to England in 1881, taking with her the manuscript of her famous novel, The Story of an African Farm (1883). The novel, which has been likened to Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights, is an intense story of two children living in the African veldt; it was controversial because of its feminist and anti-Christian sentiments. Her later works included Dreams (1921), a collection of allegories; Women and Labour (1911); and a significant novel, unfinished, From Man to Man (1926). Her letters were edited (1924) by her husband, S. C. Cronwright-Schreiner, who also wrote her biography (1923, repr. 1973).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schreiner, Olive


(pen name, Ralph Iron). Born Mar. 24, 1855, in Wittebergen Reserve, Cape Colony (now in Lesotho); died Dec. 11,1920, in Cape Town. South African writer.

Schreiner was one of the first proponents of Marxism in South Africa. She spoke out against women’s lack of rights and against racial discrimination. Her collection of short stories entitled Dreams (1890) reflected her faith in the future of humanity. Protest against the colonial war in South Africa and social injustice is strongly expressed in her short story “Trooper Peter Halkett of Mashonaland” (1897; Russian translation, “Trooper Peter Halkett,” 1900). Schreiner published the autobiographical novels The Story of an African Farm (1883), From Man to Man (published 1926), and Undine (published 1928). Schreiner warmly greeted the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia.


Sovremennye literatury Afriki: Vostochnaia i Iuzhnaia Afrika. Moscow, 1974. (See Index.)
Davidson, A. B. Iuzhnaia Afrika: Stanovlenie sil protesta, 1870–1924. Moscow, 1972. (See Index.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many women writers of the end of the 19th century (like Olive Schreiner, Sarah Grand, Victoria Cross, Mona Caird, Ella D'Arcy, Ella Hepworth Dixon, George Egerton) have described the pursuit of self-determination of the 'New Woman', the feminist ideal but also real social role seeking professional and social freedom, educated, confident, open, adventurous, who has become the exemplary cosmopolitan heroine of the fin de siecle story--as opposed to the image of the Victorian woman as legally, financially and morally dependent on her husband, male relatives, social and charity institutions and, ultimately, as shaped by man John Ruskin's form on the basis of an imaginary figure.
In Outsiders, Lyndall Gordon tells the stories of five novelists -- Mary Shelley, Emily Bronte, George Eliot, Olive Schreiner, Virginia Woolf -- and their famous novels.
Placing the colonial writers Robert Louis Stevenson, Olive Schreiner, Rudyard Kipling, and Joseph Conrad in their cultural context, Kucich shows how the ideological and psychological dynamics of empire, particularly its reorganization of class identities at the colonial periphery, depended on figurations of masochism.
It is true, of course, that a case could be made for relooking at Alasdair MacIntrye's "Lost Sociology" as Neil Davidson does, and it is certainly work remembering the pioneering public intellectual work of South African feminist write and social theorist Olive Schreiner as Liz Stanley suggests.
She made a suicide attempt in 1888, swallowing a large dose of opium, but was discovered and rescued by her friend Olive Schreiner. Her shame at having been so gulled by Aveling might well have seemed unbearable.
From Charlotte Perkins Gilman to Havelock Ellis to Olive Schreiner, each member of this group agreed that marriage needed to become more voluntary, more equal, and more pleasurable than it had been in previous iterations.
The first chapter discusses nineteenth-century narratives of sexual violence with a focus on Olive Schreiner's Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1897) and Rudyard Kipling's short story 'A Sahib's War' (1901).
Among the topics are imperial melodrama after the Sepoy Rebellion, Stevenson's melodramatic anthropology, and Olive Schreiner and the melodrama of the Karoo.