António de Oliveira Salazar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salazar, António de Oliveira


Born Apr. 28, 1889, in Santa Comba Dão, Beira Alta Province, Portugal; died July 27, 1970, in Lisbon. Portguese state figure.

Salazar graduated from a Jesuit school and then from the University of Coimbra, where he was an economics professor from 1917 to 1928. He was one of the founders of the Catholic Center Party (1918) and was elected a deputy to parliament from that party in 1921. For a few days in 1926, after the military coup, and again from 1928 to 1940 he was minister of finance; in 1930 he was also minister of colonies. From 1932 to 1968 he was prime minister and the de facto dictator of Portugal. He was also minister of war from 1936 to 1944 and minister of foreign affairs from 1936 to 1947. In 1930 he founded the fascist National Union Party and proposed a “unitary corporative republic.” He helped draft the 1933 constitution and the addendum to it—the Colonial Act—which gave final expression to the establishment of a corporative fascist state in Portugal. Beginning in 1968 he was no longer active in government because of ill health.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A partir del 23 de octubre de 1936, tras la ruptura unilateral de las relaciones diplomaticas del gobierno de Oliveira Salazar con Madrid y la inmediata salida del embajador republicano Nicolas Sanchez Albornoz, el comite franquista en Portugal pudo desarrollar su trabajo sin restricciones, en estrecha colaboracion con las instituciones del Estado Novo (Oliveira 1988, 92).
The end of Portuguese colonial rule was characterised by brutal conflict and independence struggles during the 1970s, as Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar's administration attempted to maintain the colonies well after their French or British counterparts.
Which European country was ruled by Antonio de Oliveira Salazar from 1932 to 1968?
The origin of the 3Ss policy is the 3F (fado, Fatima, football) policy, symbolizing the Portuguese values under the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (1889-1970).
Centano comes from a nation that has been bailed out three times over the past four decades since the end of the rule of dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar. Indeed, following the financial crisis, for three years, Portugal's finances and fiscal policy were largely controlled and overseen by the so-called troika of the ECB, the European Union and the International Monetary Fund.
VVGOOGLING a runner Salazar 1.40 Ayr Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (April 28, 1889 - July 27, 1970) was a Portuguese politician and economist, who was the country's prime minister from 1932 to 1968.
Luna is one with Oliveira Salazar in El Pensamiento de la Revolucion: Nacional-the soldier has no purok, municipio, provincia or region, only the motherland: in all its material expressions, in the totality of its sentiments and traditions, in all the beauty of its historical evolution and its future ideal.
(In Strange Case, Oliveira frames his alter ego, the photographer Isaac, against olive trees to emphasize the arboreal origins of the director's family name, one that he ironically shared with the dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar.) As great a paysagiste as Oliveira was, his eye for architecture proved more telling, as exemplified by the Portas villa in Strange Case with its massive stone balustrade, star-shaped ceiling, epoch-confounding interiors, and conspiratorially half-opened doors.
the Brazilian network TV Globo always had a positive connection with Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar and his successors during the dictatorship (1926-1974) and after when Portugal decided to privatize the sector.
Moreover, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, Portugal's dictator, rose to power in 1932 without anti semitic rhetoric or violence.