Olomouc

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Olomouc

(ô`lômōts), Ger. Olmütz, city (1991 pop. 105,537), E central Czech Republic, in Moravia, on the Morava River. Olomouc is an industrial city, with factories producing machinery, appliances, and food products, especially candy and chocolate. An ancient town, it was once the leading city of Moravia and was strongly fortified. In 1242, Wenceslaus II of Bohemia defeated the Mongol invaders there. Also at Olomouc, in 1469, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, had himself crowned king of Bohemia. The city was held by the Swedes from 1642 to 1650. In 1758, Frederick II besieged it unsuccessfully. An agreement between Austria and Prussia was signed there (1850), dissolving the German Union under Prussia's presidency and restoring the German Confederation, headed by Austria. Prussia smarted under the "humiliation of Olmütz" until 1866, when it defeated Austria in war. Present-day landmarks include the Cathedral of St. Wenceslaus (begun 12th cent.), the city hall (rebuilt 13th cent.), and two Gothic churches. Also in the city are a university (founded 1566), the Cyril-Methodius theological faculty, and several libraries. The Marquis de Lafayette was once imprisoned in Olomouc's fortress. Today there are lovely parks and gardens where the fortress formerly stood.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Olomouc

 

a city in Czechoslovakia, in the North Moravia Region, Czech Socialist Republic. Located on the Morava River. Population, 81,000 (1970). A transportation junction, Olomouc is an old handicrafts center that is now an important industrial city, with a foundry industry, machine building (agricultural and food-industry equipment), chemical and food-industry enterprises, and a building-materials industry. There is a university. Olomouc is a historic city of Czechoslovakia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Olomouc

a city in the Czech Republic, in North Moravia on the Morava River: capital of Moravia until 1640; university (1576). Pop.: 102 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) Regional Public Health Authority of the Olomouc Region, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Zidkova, Palacky University, Department of Occupational Medicine, I.P Pavlova 6, 77520 Olomouc, Czech Republic (e-mail: lekar.baska@seznam.cz).
Chlup, "A Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS)--a promising approach for improving metabolic control in persons with type 1 Diabetes mellitus treated by insulin pumps," Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic, vol.
An observational pilot study with subcutaneous sensors," Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czech Republic, vol.
[2] Department of Analytical Chemistry Palacky University Olomouc Olomouc, Czech Republic
Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc, Czech Republic. Fax 420-5-88442509; e-mail david.friedecky@gmail.com.
(4) Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Pathological Physiology
Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc, Czech Republic (e-mail: smolkova.p@gmail.com).