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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and administrative center of Olonets Raion, Karelian ASSR. Situated on the Olonka River, part of the Lake Ladoga basin, 153 km southwest of Petrozavodsk. Railroad station.

Olonets is first mentioned in an entry for 1137. In the 17th century it was a military administrative center on the border with Sweden and a commercial center for trade with Sweden. In 1773 it became the capital of the Olonets Provintsiia (subprovince). From 1784 to 1791 the city was the district capital of the Olonets Namestnichestvo (vicegerency). Until 1801 it was the capital of Novgorod Province, and until 1920, of Olonets Province. Beginning in the 1860’s, political exiles were sent to Olonets.

Soviet power was established on Jan. 18, 1918, and in 1920, Olonets became part of the Karelian Workers’ Commune (since 1923, the Karelian ASSR). From Sept. 5, 1941, to June 25, 1944, the city was occupied by German and Finnish troops. It was liberated as a result of the Svir’-Petrozavodsk Operation of 1944.

Olonets has a logging and timber distribution establishment, a milk plant, and building-materials enterprises. It also has a museum of local lore.


Egorov, F. I. Olonets: Istoriko-kraevedcheskii ocherk o gorode i raione. Petrozavodsk, 1959.
Olonets (Pamiatka chitateliu). Petrozavodsk, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Others were from the Russian provinces of Prodol, Kursk, Kerson, Poltava, Yenisey, Olonets, and Tver.
During these years, mass spring migratory stopovers of Arctic-breeding Barnacle Geese started to form in the vicinity of the town of Olonets in South Karelia, on the north coast of Ladoga Lake (Zimin et al., 2002; Lapshin et al., 2016), and at the mouth of the Northern Dvina River by the White Sea (Andreev, 2005).
(80.) See RGASPI, 17/60/8, 40: Report on agitprop work in the Perm' guberniia, 24 December 1920; RGASPI, 17/60/7, 6: Report 'The Olonets guberniia in November/December 1920', [January 1921]; RGASPI, 17/60/7, 29-30: Curriculum of a district party school in the Chuvash Autonomous oblast', [1921]; RGASPI, 17/60/7, 32: Curriculum of the Turkestan Worker-Peasant-University, [1921]; RGASPI, 17/60/61, 90: Party school programme, [1921].
Supposedly there are some lexicalised momentatives in Veps, too, such as lik-ahta-da (see, example (14)) (< likta 'move') that in Olonets Karelian has, among other things, the meaning of a temporary lost of mental balance (8) (SKES 292).
Our researchers frequented Olonets and Far Karelia just as our own country, until the Bolshevik Russia made it impossible.
The following summer, Nikolai and Vera, sponsored by the Ethnographic Division of OLEAE, traveled north on their own to conduct fieldwork, first among the Russian peasants of Olonets province and then among the Lapps of the Kola peninsula, generating the core materials for his monograph Russkie Lopari, which came out in 1890.
Knowledgeably depicting a Catholic saints ranging from Miguel Pro, Mary, John the Baptist, and Maria of Olonets, to Clare, Philip Berrigan, Gemma Galgani, Andrew and so many others, You Will Be My Witnesses informatively presents a succinct yet thorough biographically oriented understanding and concise description of each identified and cited saint.
Middle Ugandi Drenthe Lower Ugandi Holsteinian Karukula Elsterian Sangaste Upper Sangaste deposits firmly not determined NW Russia Subdivision Horizon Subhorizon Upper Valdaian Ostashkov Pleistocene Leningrad Olonets Mikulinan Middle Middle Moscow Pleistocene Russian Odintsovo Dnieper Likhvinan Belarusian Oka Table 2.
In 1818 he succeeded Adam Armstrong as director of the Olonets and St Petersburg factories.
(12) A song from Onega in northern Russia tells of St Paraskeva appearing to a man with no arms and legs, whom she urges to tell the world: `They should not curse with the mat word / Since the mat word is cursed / Just as the Jews cursed Christ': Pesni russkago naroda sobrany v guberniiakh Arkhangel'skoi i Olonetskoi v 1886 godu [Songs of the Russian People Collected in Arkhangel and Olonets Provinces in 1886] (St Petersburg, 1894), 12.
Its other columns contain also the translations of these glosses into Olonets Karelian (Livviks) and Vepsian (Luudiks), as well as into five Lapp dialects ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]), with several words on p.