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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
First experiences with OLPC in European classrooms.
Officials at OLPC expected the kids to learn to use the tablets on their own, but they were surprised by just how quickly the kids caught on.
It is one of the few OLPC deployment sites designated as a model site, and it hosts a Global Learning Center for Excellence for Laptops and Learning (1) in the capital, Kigali (ITU-D, 2010).
OLPC is a non-profit organisation that focuses on creating devices to aid education of children in developing countries.
These laptops all run Sugar and Fedora Linux, and have customized software and content builds developed by their national deployment teams in collaboration with OLPC staff.
Through her foundation, Shakira promotes access among children to modern education and connectivity with OLPC XO laptops in schools in impoverished areas in Barranquilla, as well as in the outskirts of Bogota.
Walter De Brouwer is a Belgian internet entrepreneur and currently the CEO of OLPC Europe, the European branch of Nicholas Negroponte''s One Laptop Per Child initiative.
The paper reviews the theoretical underpinnings Of OLPC, analyzes the program's development and summarizes the current state of OLPC deployments around the world.