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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
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References in periodicals archive ?
83-84) These examples raise questions about how an OLPC program can enable individuals to participate in a community and to build a rapport.
Sustainable innovation strategies in education: OLPC case studies in Ethiopia and Uruguay.
Last year, OLPC put hundreds of educational apps, books, and videos onto 41 computer tablets, then dropped them off in Wenchi and another village in Ethiopia.
However, OLPC said that some of the key technologies derived from XO-3, such as flexible power input and charging efficiency, could make it into future OLPC hardware.
The official said the OSRCs also contributed to US-based One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project and provided Urdu language support and desktop applications.
Hearn's preferred solution is thought to involve scaling down the 80,000-capacity stadium to a 25,000-seater venue, excavating to accommodate an extra tier of seats or the running track, which OLPC insists is a non-negotiable element of any tenancy agreement.
Currently, PC and Macintosh versions of Scratch are freely available from MIT Media Lab website (http://scratch.mit.edu/ download) and Linux and One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) versions are under development.
These laptops all run Sugar and Fedora Linux, and have customized software and content builds developed by their national deployment teams in collaboration with OLPC staff.
Negroponte slams Intel over OLPC competition: Won't somebody think of the children?