International Olympic Committee

(redirected from Olympic Committee)

International Olympic Committee


(Comité International Olympique, IOC), the highest governing organ of the modern Olympic movement.

The IOC was established on June 23, 1894, upon the initiative of the French public figure P. de Coubertin at an international congress convoked in Paris to discuss immediate problems of physical education and sports. The newly formed IOC had the task of organizing the modern Olympic Games. Included within it were representatives from Argentina, Belgium, Great Britain, Hungary, Greece, Italy, New Zealand, Russia (General A. D. Butovskii), the USA, France, Bohemia, and Sweden. The first members of the IOC were the organizers of national Olympic committees in their own countries. The basic document of the IOC is the Charter of the Olympic Games.

The IOC conducts the Olympic Games and constantly improves them, guides the development of amateur sports, and helps strengthen friendship among the athletes of all countries. The IOC adopts resolutions on the recognition of national Olympic committees and international sports federations (as of Nov. 1, 1973, the IOC had recognized 131 national Olympic committees and 26 international federations) and determines the program of the Olympic Games. During the games themselves the IOC delegates to the international sports federations the actual supervision of the corresponding events. Staff headquarters of the IOC is located in Lausanne, Switzerland.

The IOC is a permanent organization. It elects its members from persons living in the countries with national Olympic committees. One member of the IOC is elected from each country (the largest countries, the countries that participate most actively in the Olympic movement, and countries where the Olympic Games have already taken place may elect two members). In accord with the charter, the IOC members are its representatives in their own countries, rather than representatives of their countries in the IOC. As of Nov. 1, 1973, the IOC included 78 members from 62 countries. There are two IOC members in the USSR: K. A. Andrianov (since 1951; a member of the executive committee since 1962) and V. G. Smirnov (since 1971); A. O. Romanov is an honorary member (he was a regular member of the IOC from 1952 to 1971). There are 69 countries participating in the Olympic movement that do not have IOC representatives. The presidents of the IOC have included D. Vikelas (Greece) from 1894 to 1896, P. de Coubertin (France) from 1896 to 1925, H. de Baillet Latour (Belgium) from 1925 to 1942, S. Edstrom (Sweden) from 1942 to 1952, A. Brundage (USA) from 1952 to 1972, and M. Killanin (Ireland) since 1972. Sessions of the IOC are held annually, except during an Olympic year, when there are two meetings: during the Summer Games and the Winter Games.

Upon the initiative of representatives from the socialist countries the IOC has on several occasions considered general problems of international sports ties and the democratization of the Olympic movement. It has taken a stand against political and racial discrimination in sports (for instance, in 1968 the IOC granted the sports organizations of the German Democratic Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea the right to send their own national teams to the Olympic Games; it barred access to the 1964 and 1968 Olympic Games to the Republic of South Africa, where a state policy of apartheid is followed, and it refused to recognize its national Olympic committee in 1970). Upon the proposal of the Soviet committee, the IOC in 1967 adopted a resolution addressed to athletes of all countries, appealing to them to speak out in defense of peace. On certain questions the IOC has maintained conservative positions; in particular, it has not abandoned the undemocratic principle of its formation. Prior to 1930 the IOC periodically convoked Olympic Congresses in order to discuss problems of the Olympic movement (nine such congresses were held). Subsequently, for 43 years the IOC strove to retain its monopolistic role as the movement’s governing body by refusing to convene congresses. After urging by the progressive forces of the international sports movement, the Tenth Congress was held in Bulgaria in 1973, with the participation of IOC members, delegates of national Olympic committees, and international sports federations. The Congress adopted an appeal to athletes concerning the broadening of contacts for the purpose of strengthening peace; it expressed itself in favor of active participation by the national Olympic committees and the international federations in resolving the problems of world sports; and it defined the principal ways of improving the Olympic movement.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Maldives Olympic Committee (MOC), the National Olympic Committee of the Maldives, has recently launched a one-year advanced certificate programme in sports management and administration.
The head of Russia's Olympic Committee said on Wednesday that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) had reinstated his organisation's membership after suspending it over doping allegations.
K], Feb 28 (ANI): The Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) has said that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) fully `restored` his organisation's membership after suspending them over doping allegation from 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.
Karachi -- The protection of clean athletes and the fight against doping are top priorities for the International Olympic Committee (IOC), as outlined in Olympic Agenda 2020, the IOC's strategic roadmap for the future of the Olympic Movement.
Russia's Olympic team has been barred from the 2018 Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea, the International Olympic Committee ruled on Tuesday.
The Secretary General of the Olympic Committee, noted in press statements that the Sudanese Olympic Committee has found appreciation from higher levels figures for its cooperation, implementation of programs, and communication with Olympic Solidarity Committee.
During his speech, President of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach stressed the importance of ANOC role in sports awareness and anti-doping.
Belarusian head of state Alexander Lukashenko was reelected President of the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of Belarus at the Olympic meeting of the Belarusian NOC on 30 May, BelTA has learned.
HH the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani yesterday met with International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Thomas Bach and Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) president Sheikh Ahmad al-Fahad al-Sabah who are in Doha to take part in the annual ANOC general assembly.
Tribune News Network Doha OOREDOO will be the official telecommunication partner of the Qatar Olympic Committee (QOC) ahead of the upcoming 2016 Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) General Assembly, which will be held in Doha from November 13 to 17.
13 (BNA): A delegation from Bahrain Olympic Committee will attend the 21st Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) General Assembly in Doha, Qatar.
PESHAWAR -- International Olympic Committee (IOC) has approved half billion US dollars for sports and athletes for the next four-year Olympic Solidarity plan 2017-2020 with a increase of 16 per cent.

Full browser ?