Om


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Om

(ôm), [Skt.,=yes, so be it] for Hindus and Buddhists, a mystic word or mantramantra
, in Hinduism and Buddhism, mystic words used in ritual and meditation. A mantra is believed to be the sound form of reality, having the power to bring into being the reality it represents. There are several types of mantras.
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. Om is regarded as the syllable of the supreme Reality and is sometimes called "the mother of mantras." It is often found at the beginning of prayers, mantras, and scriptures as a word of invocation and adoration. In Hinduism its three Sanskrit phonemes (transliterated a, u, and m) symbolize the triad of BrahmaBrahma
, a god often identified, with Vishnu and Shiva, as one of the three supreme gods in Hinduism. In the late Vedic period he was called Prajapati, the primeval man whose sacrifice permitted the original act of creation. His popularity has declined since the Gupta era (A.D.
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 the creator, VishnuVishnu
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Narayana. First mentioned in the Veda as a minor deity, his theistic cults, known as Vaishnavism, or Vishnuism, grew steadily from the first millennium B.C., absorbing numerous different traditions and minor deities.
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 the preserver, and ShivaShiva
or Siva
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Mahadeva. The "horned god" and phallic worship of the Indus valley civilization may have been a prototype of Shiva worship or Shaivism.
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 the destroyer, or the three levels of consciousness: waking, dreaming, and deep sleep. In Buddhism it is often understood as symbolizing the true "empty" character of reality, as that truth has been communicated by various historical Buddhas, celestial Buddhas, and, directly, by the true character of reality itself (see sunyatasunyata
[Skt.,=emptiness], one of the main tenets of Mahayana Buddhism, first presented by the Perfection of Wisdom (Prajna-paramita) scriptures (1st cent. B.C. on) and later systematized by the Madhyamika school.
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).

Om’

 

a river in Novosibirsk and Omsk oblasts, RSFSR, a right tributary of the Irtysh River (Ob’ River basin). The Om’ is 1,091 km long and drains an area of 52,600 sq km. Rising on the southeastern edge of the Vasiuganskaia Plain, the river flows, for the most part, across the Barabinskaia Lowland. It is meandering in its middle course. The Om’ is fed primarily by snow. High water occurs in May and July. The mean flow rate 121 km from the mouth is about 64 cu m per sec; maximum flow rate is 814 cu m per sec, and minimum flow rate is 0.80 cu m per sec. The river freezes in the second half of October or the first half of November and thaws in April or early May. The main right tributaries are the Icha, Kama, and Tartas. Timber is floated on the lower 100 km. During high water the river is navigable from the city of Kuibyshev. The city of Kalachinsk is also situated on the Om’, as is Omsk (at the mouth).

om

(networking)
The country code for Oman.