Omar, Mohammad,1960?–2013?, Afghan religious and political leader popularly known as Mullah Omar. From a rural Pashtun family, he became a Muslim cleric. In the 1980s he joined the mujahidin fighting the Soviet occupation and lost his right eye in battle. Objecting to postwar lawlessness and lax Muslim practice, he helped found (1994) the TalibanTaliban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
..... Click the link for more information. , and led madrasamadrasa
in Islamic countries, a school, historically usually one devoted to higher education in religious studies, but the term may refer to any school.
..... Click the link for more information. students in the takeover of Kandahar and other Afghan cities. In 1996, when the Taliban had won control of much of Afghanistan, Omar was proclaimed amir al-mu'minin (commander of the faithful). Under his leadership, strict Islamic and traditional law was instituted. Following the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks on the United States, he refused to surrender Osama bin Ladenbin Laden, Osama or Usama
, 1957?–2011, Saudi-born leader of Al Qaeda, a terrorist organization devoted to uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
..... Click the link for more information. , who had his headquarters in Afghanistan and was thought to have funded the Taliban. After U.S.-supported forces routed the Taliban, Omar went into hiding in the mountainous region along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. His subsequent whereabouts, in Pakistan or Afghanistan, were unclear, as was the degree of his involvement in leading the Taliban. His death was reported by Afghanistan in 2015 as having occurred in 2013 in a Karachi, Pakistan, hospital; the Taliban confirmed that he was dead, but denied he had been in Pakistan.
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