Omar Al-Mukhtar

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Omar Al-Mukhtar

 

(also Umar al-Mukhtar). Born circa 1862; died Sept. 16, 1931. Libyan national hero; from 1923 to 1931, leader of the armed struggle of the tribes of Cyrenaica against the Italian Fascist invaders.

Omar al-Mukhtar received a religious education, first in Jan-zur, then in the zawiyah (religious house) of al-Jaghbub. He became sheikh of the Sanusi brotherhood of al-Qasr. From 1911 he was active in the struggle of the Libyan people against the Italian invaders. From 1923 until 1931 the detachments under his command prevented the Fascists from taking control of Cyrenaica. On Sept. 11, 1931, Omar al-Mukhtar was wounded, captured, and executed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As part of his follow-up to the ongoing military operations in Derna, Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Armed Forces Field Marshal Khalifa Hafter directed Al-Karama Operations Room and Omar Al-Mukhtar Operations Room to abide by his instructions regarding the treatment of arrested terrorists and the need to send them immediately to the corresponding authorities.
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His compatriot Mohammad Fadhil came second while Omar Al-Mukhtar, of Norway, came third, said Al-Furqan association for learning the Holy Quran - the organizer of the contest, Sunday.
The film depicts the life and times of Omar Al-Mukhtar, a Libyan jihadist who fought Italian occupation prior to World War II.
People of Libya resisted against the occupation and tyranny in the leadership of King Mohammad Idris al-Senussi, and great leader Shaeikh Omar Al-mukhtar who devoted and sacrified their lives in the service of Islam and the homeland.
The likes of Omar al-Mukhtar, the hero of the Libyan resistance against Italian fascism; the Algerian, Abdel Qadiral-Jaza'iri, eventually exiled by the French; and the list can go on.
According to Omar Al-Mukhtar, the head of the Sabratha Military Council, the incident occurred when two SUVs were stopped at a checkpoint of Shebaika and each was carrying two foreigners.
"The state is claiming to fight terrorism, then they should preserve mosques and the lives of worshippers", said Abu Ahmed, a 65-year-old retired civil servant who attended a final prayer session at the Omar al-Mukhtar mosque in the west Baghdad neighbourhood of Yarmuk.
But it said the killing of Al-Qaeda deputy leader Sheikh Abu Yahya al-Libi in a June drone strike in Pakistan "increased the enthusiasm and determination of the sons of (Libyan independence hero) Omar al-Mukhtar to take revenge upon those who attack our Prophet," according to SITE.
"Whoever comes across America's ambassadors or emissaries should follow the example of Omar al-Mukhtar's descendants (Libyans), who killed the American ambassador," the group said, endorsing the killings in the U.S consulate, as reported by Reuters.
Near the Military Academy of Omar al-Mukhtar and the second near the Ministry of the Interior.