Omdurman


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Omdurman

(ŏmdərmän`), Arab. Umm Durman, city (1993 pop. 1,271,403), E central Sudan, on the White Nile opposite KhartoumKhartoum
, city (1993 pop. 947,483), capital of Sudan, a port at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. Khartoum is Sudan's second largest city and its administrative center. Food, beverages, cotton, gum, and oilseeds are processed in the city.
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. It is the largest city and chief commercial center of Sudan and part of a tricity metropolitan area (with Khartoum and Khartoum North) that forms the country's industrial and cultural heart. Industries include leather tanning and furniture and pottery making.

In 1884 the MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
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 Muhammad Ahmad made his military headquarters at the village of Omdurman. After the Mahdist forces destroyed Khartoum (1885), the Mahdi's successor, Khalifa Addallah, made Omdurman his capital, and the city grew rapidly as the site of the Mahdi's tomb. The battle of Karari, which took place (1898) near Omdurman, marked the defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan by the Anglo-Egyptian army of Lord Kitchener. Although most of the city was destroyed after the battle, the Mahdi's tomb has been restored and embellished. The Khalifa's former residence is now a museum.

Bibliography

See P. Ziegler, Omdurman (1974).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Omdurman

 

(Umm Durman), a city in the Sudan on the left bank of the White Nile River, at its confluence with the Blue Nile. Population, 258,500 (1971). Together with the cities of Khartoum and Khartoum North (on the right bank of the river), Omdurman forms a single metropolis, known as the Three Towns. The city is a transportation junction. It has textile, leather, and food-processing industries, as well as artisans’ shops. It is a center of trade for livestock, hides, fabrics, and gum arabic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Omdurman

a city in the central Sudan, on the White Nile, opposite Khartoum: the largest town in the Sudan; scene of the Battle of Omdurman (1898), in which the Mahdi's successor was defeated by Lord Kitchener's forces. Pop.: 1 267 077 (1993)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, he said the Council ordered the arrest of the perpetrators form the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) after swift investigation and similar measures will be taken towards the responsible of the killing in Omdurman.
A doctors' committee linked to the protest movement said five protesters had been killed on Sunday, including four in Omdurman, across the Nile from Khartoum.
Late yesterday police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of demonstrators in Omdurman and a small protest was also held in the capital itself.
On Tuesday, protesters ransacked and then torched offices of the ruling National Congress Party in Omdurman, witnesses said.
Crossing the White Nile, I left Khartoum proper and headed to Omdurman. Omdurman holds a historical importance to the Sudanese people as it hosts the Al-Mahdi's Tomb.
Omdurman's Al-Merreikh stadium seats 41,000, but the authorities have limited the number of tickets for the match to 35,000 spectators for safety reasons.
Fifty JEM members have already been sentenced to death over the attack on the capital's twin city of Omdurman in May 2008.
Low-intensity clashes have continued in Omdurman, on the western bank of the Nile opposite Khartoum.
They were due to play this weekend in Omdurman but the game has been postponed due to escalating tensions between the nations.
Conditions in Omdurman women's prison, across the River Nile from the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, are appalling by any standard.
Evoking images of broken squares of British troops, jammed Gatling guns, ferocious locals, gunboats on the Nile, the Camel Corps and the charge of the 21st Lancers at Omdurman, the story also brings together a cast of larger-than-life characters--Gordon, Wolseley, Kitchener, Gladstone, Churchill, the Madhi, the Khalifa Abdallahi and many others.