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Omdurman(ŏmdərmän`), Arab. Umm Durman, city (1993 pop. 1,271,403), E central Sudan, on the White Nile opposite KhartoumKhartoum
, city (1993 pop. 947,483), capital of Sudan, a port at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. Khartoum is Sudan's second largest city and its administrative center. Food, beverages, cotton, gum, and oilseeds are processed in the city.
..... Click the link for more information. . It is the largest city and chief commercial center of Sudan and part of a tricity metropolitan area (with Khartoum and Khartoum North) that forms the country's industrial and cultural heart. Industries include leather tanning and furniture and pottery making.
In 1884 the MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
..... Click the link for more information. Muhammad Ahmad made his military headquarters at the village of Omdurman. After the Mahdist forces destroyed Khartoum (1885), the Mahdi's successor, Khalifa Addallah, made Omdurman his capital, and the city grew rapidly as the site of the Mahdi's tomb. The battle of Karari, which took place (1898) near Omdurman, marked the defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan by the Anglo-Egyptian army of Lord Kitchener. Although most of the city was destroyed after the battle, the Mahdi's tomb has been restored and embellished. The Khalifa's former residence is now a museum.
See P. Ziegler, Omdurman (1974).
(Umm Durman), a city in the Sudan on the left bank of the White Nile River, at its confluence with the Blue Nile. Population, 258,500 (1971). Together with the cities of Khartoum and Khartoum North (on the right bank of the river), Omdurman forms a single metropolis, known as the Three Towns. The city is a transportation junction. It has textile, leather, and food-processing industries, as well as artisans’ shops. It is a center of trade for livestock, hides, fabrics, and gum arabic.