Omdurman


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Omdurman

(ŏmdərmän`), Arab. Umm Durman, city (1993 pop. 1,271,403), E central Sudan, on the White Nile opposite KhartoumKhartoum
, city (1993 pop. 947,483), capital of Sudan, a port at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. Khartoum is Sudan's second largest city and its administrative center. Food, beverages, cotton, gum, and oilseeds are processed in the city.
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. It is the largest city and chief commercial center of Sudan and part of a tricity metropolitan area (with Khartoum and Khartoum North) that forms the country's industrial and cultural heart. Industries include leather tanning and furniture and pottery making.

In 1884 the MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
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 Muhammad Ahmad made his military headquarters at the village of Omdurman. After the Mahdist forces destroyed Khartoum (1885), the Mahdi's successor, Khalifa Addallah, made Omdurman his capital, and the city grew rapidly as the site of the Mahdi's tomb. The battle of Karari, which took place (1898) near Omdurman, marked the defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan by the Anglo-Egyptian army of Lord Kitchener. Although most of the city was destroyed after the battle, the Mahdi's tomb has been restored and embellished. The Khalifa's former residence is now a museum.

Bibliography

See P. Ziegler, Omdurman (1974).

Omdurman

 

(Umm Durman), a city in the Sudan on the left bank of the White Nile River, at its confluence with the Blue Nile. Population, 258,500 (1971). Together with the cities of Khartoum and Khartoum North (on the right bank of the river), Omdurman forms a single metropolis, known as the Three Towns. The city is a transportation junction. It has textile, leather, and food-processing industries, as well as artisans’ shops. It is a center of trade for livestock, hides, fabrics, and gum arabic.

Omdurman

a city in the central Sudan, on the White Nile, opposite Khartoum: the largest town in the Sudan; scene of the Battle of Omdurman (1898), in which the Mahdi's successor was defeated by Lord Kitchener's forces. Pop.: 1 267 077 (1993)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Omdurman protests lasted until around dawn on Wednesday.
Omdurman holds a historical importance to the Sudanese people as it hosts the Al-Mahdi's Tomb.
There is no God but Allah," chanted about 3,000 men dressed in traditional white robes, as well military officers, policemen and a handful of politicians gathered at a stadium in Omdurman.
Fifty JEM members have already been sentenced to death over the attack on the capital's twin city of Omdurman in May 2008.
Mahjoub Fadl, press secretary of Omar al-Bashir, Sudan's president, claimed on Monday that authorities found documents confirming links between leaders of the Popular Congress Party and the JEM attack in Omdurman.
He built a railway across the Nubian desert to transport his troops to the final devastating confrontation at Omdurman in 1898.
Angry crowds later gathered outside the hospital in Omdurman where the casualties were taken, demanding revenge for the attack on the mosque, which belongs to supporters of a riv al Muslim faction.
THE MASSACRE OF THE ARMY OF Sudanese Dervishes on a plain near Omdurman in the Sudan was an occasion that a new military technology was tested -- to devastating effect -- by Britain in battle.
Executive Director of Omdurman Centre for Women's Studies, and Secretary General of the Sudanese Women's Union Cairo, Egypt
Principal battles: El Obeid (1883); siege of Khartoum (1884-1885); the Atbara, Omdurman (1898).
The first donation of ultrasound systems was made earlier this month to the Kigali Central Hospital in Kigali, Rwanda, and to the Omdurman Teaching Hospital in Omdurman, Sudan.
Sudan's largest opposition group on Wednesday called for a protest in Omdurman against the increase of bread price, one day after a first call by the Sudanese Communist Party to take to the street to protest the hike.