Omentum


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Related to Omentum: lesser omentum

omentum

[ō′ment·əm]
(anatomy)
A fold of the peritoneum connecting or supporting abdominal viscera.

Omentum

 

a broad and long fold of visceral peritoneum containing areolar tissue rich in blood vessels and fat deposits between its layers. The greater omentum, which consists of four peritoneal layers, originates at the greater curvature of the stomach, becomes attached to the transverse colon, and, covering the intestine anteriorly, descends in the form of an apron. The greater omentum performs a protective function in cases of traumas and inflammatory diseases of the organs of the abdominal cavity, such as appendicitis. The lesser omentum is a double peritoneal fold that stretches between the liver, the upper part of the duodenum, and the lesser curvature of the stomach.

The greater omentum is frequently used both to cover sutures applied during operations of the stomach and intestine and to tamponade wounds of the liver and spleen. Omentitis is an acute inflammation of the greater omentum that may result if the greater omentum is infected, twisted, or injured; this condition is accompanied by the symptoms of acute abdomen.

References in periodicals archive ?
1,52) It means that the primary location of HD in the peritoneum or involving omentum and mesentery of the bowel is an extremely rare occurrence.
The stomach, transverse colon, large omentum and 30 cm of small intestine were found in hernia sac (Fig.
During the operation, we found severe adhesions of the omentum, mesentery and intestinal tract to the mesh (Fig.
Omentum was tucked into the subhepatic space and all ports extracted.
1%) and all patients with brain, bone, muscle, omentum, bladder, and adrenal cysts had undergone surgical treatment.
Peritoneal sites were broadly divided into pelvic, greater omentum, small bowel mesentery, serosal surfaces of bowel loops and diaphragm.
Pathological study of the specimen may reveal multiple chorionic villi and decidua growing into omentum.
03) and had more cases with omentum sampling (50% [33 of 66] versus 26% [17 of 65]; P =.
The omentum was easily reduced, and the diaphragmatic laceration was surgically closed.
There are various complications of intrauterine devices such as bleeding, perforation, and migration to adjacent organs or omentum [1].
omentum is building in the bid to ensure Cardiff has a new bus interchange as soon as possible.
The placenta was seen in the right hypochondrium with displacement of adjacent maternal bowel loops and implantation into fat intensity structure possibly omentum (Figure 8).