The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) The Serbian Omladina, Vjedinjena Omladina Srpska (United Serbian Youth), a cultural and sociopolitical organization founded in August 1866 at a conference of representatives of literary and cultural clubs of students and intelligentsia of Vojvodina and Serbia in Novi Sad. Soon after the Omladina proclaimed itself the representative body of all the South Slavic peoples of Southeastern Europe and the Ottoman Empire. Through L. Karavelov, the Omladina established ties with the Bulgarian national liberation movement; it also maintained contacts with cultural figures in Bohemia, Slovakia and Russia.

At first the liberals’ influence prevailed in the Omladina, but in 1870 a revolutionary-democratic wing headed by S. Marko-vić, who sought to turn the Omladina into a revolutionary political party, took shape within the organization. In 1871, the Omladina was outlawed by the Austrian and Serbian authorities, after which it existed illegally for a period. On the basis of the Omladina, a number of new organizations, called omladinas, were later founded in Serbia and Vojvodina.

(2) The Czech Omladina, a radical Czech youth group, whose members were tried in 1894 in Prague on a charge of creating a secret antigovernment Omladina organization. Although the charge was not proved, most of the accused members of the group were sentenced to prison terms of varying length. Subsequently, the entire movement of radical-minded Czech youth of the early 1890’s was called the Omladina. The movement did not have a clear political platform and its participants sympathized with different parties (from the Young Czechs to the Social Democrats), but they were all united in their opposition to the reactionary regime of the Hapsburgs and in their struggle for universal suffrage. In 1919, the political club Omladina Members of the Nineties was founded.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Odgoji li ona prave karaktere i nacionalno svijesne ljude, tada narod moze mirno gledati u buducnost, jer ce se odgojena snazna omladina znati boriti za slobodu i srecu svoje domovine.
In the still active society Vlastenecka omladina (Patriotic Youth), Volanek worked as chorus master for some time, and in the prewar years he also conducted the orchestra accompanying drama productions.
At least we can judge so from the programme for the festival marking the 40th anniversary of the society Vlastenecka omladina, which took place at the beginning of December 1925 and at which a theatre performance was accompanied by "Robert Volanek's music".
The Ujedinjena omladina srpska (United Serbian Youth), founded in the 1860s, was a Serbian cultural movement created to awaken national awareness and instill cultural values.
Czech Republic folk dance group Omladina at the Alnwick International Music Festival; BIGGER ATTRACTION?
That's why we have to give them the first rank among the Enlighteners of the Yugoslavdom, but just behind them is Saint Sava (Jugoslovenska omladina, 1933, 1).
(20.) Ujedinjena omladina srpska [the United Serbian Youth], one of the most important 19th century Serbian cultural and political organizations (founded in 1866 in Novi Sad and banned in 1871 by the Hungarian government) managed to unite the Serbs living in separate countries.
1/2 (Fall/Spring 1984/1985): 35-53 and Vitomir Vuletic, "Ujedinjena omladina srpska i druateni polozaj zena," in Srbija u modernizacijskim procesima 19.
This was unlike the situation in literature, when the 1890s and the "omladina" movement brought a new view, with many young writers no longer believing that we were one nation but seeing the internal differences, parting company for good with the Young Czech political movement and, for example, in many cases finding the iconic national poet Vrchlicky no longer acceptable.
He was among the leaders of Ujedinjena omladina srpska (United Serbian Youth) and was elected Serbian representative to the Hungarian parliament.
Miodrag Bulatovic was born in the small Montenegrin village of Omladina. World War II, which he experienced as a boy, left an indelible impression on him.