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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
The costs associated with on-the-job training involve both direct costs, such as the salaries of the persons doing the training and any costs of materials, and indirect costs, such as the cost of taking trainees away from their current productive tasks.
This paper uses data from the Employment Opportunities Pilot Project (EOPP) to examine directly the relationships between minimum wages, wage growth, and on-the-job training.
The procedure that black veterans had to follow just to enroll in on-the-job training programs became a major hurdle for many of them.
Mike Cannell, IPD policy adviser and author of the guide, would like to see on-the-job training taken more seriously by UK employers, saying that it is an important form of training which is accessible to everyone.
ONE OF THE FIRST QUESTIONS THAT a security manager will ask before attempting to develop an in-house on-the-job training program is "How do I do it?
Mr Cheung pointed out that, as at July this year, YETP has secured more than 10 000 on-the-job training vacancies covering various industries in this programme year of 2015/16.
With the implementation of the regulation, unemployed trainees or interns who are sent to unpaid on-the-job training at various firms after completing their training in vocational education programs of the Turkish Employment Organization (yE[currency]KUR) will be able to receive net salaries of TL 740 per month from the government.
The Ministry of Manpower will continue the procedure of receiving job-seekers who were contacted via SMS to attend the direct-employment interviews for the jobs in the private establishments, as well as, benefiting from the on-the-job training opportunities and the self-employment initiatives tomorrow.
DRED Commissioner George Bald said the previous grant New Hampshire earned has produced more than 60 new on-the-job training opportunities for long-term unemployed workers throughout the state Bald expects the new grant to produce 50 more job opportunities in New Hampshire, Shaheen's press office said.
But business owner Joe Messina, who ran for school board last year, believes the district should give students more on-the-job training.
The Local 146 combines classroom instruction and fundamentals with supervised, on-the-job training.