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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Workers typically attain competency in these occupations through short-term on-the-job training. Taxi drivers and chauffeurs may need a special taxi or limousine license, depending on the state or local municipality.
A high school diploma or equivalent combined with technical and on-the-job training is typically required to become a welder, cutter, solderer, or brazer. also asked who is responsible for providing training and learning options; 66.6 per cent agree that it is the responsibility of the direct manager to provide on-the-job training for employees, while 26.4 per cent of respondents said it is the responsibility of the HR department, and seven per cent said it is the responsibility of the employees themselves.
The central objective of the study was to assess the compliance of the on-the-job training program of the College of Arts and Sciences with the criteria set by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED).
Aircraft technicians will undergo comprehensive on-the-job training for one year while engineers will get trained for two years.
This Florida-based firm offers a number of other courses in addition to the new On-the-Job Training and Coaching Workshop, including instructional design consulting, presentation skills course, as well as PowerPoint design services.
ON-THE-JOB TRAINING The British Chambers of Commerce wants the Government to offer firms incentives to take on more apprentices
Follow-up teams have also been deployed by the ministry to ensure that new recruits get suitable opportunities commensurate to their skills upon the completion of their on-the-job training, he added.
The branch, named Jag Money after the school's mascot, was formed to provide financial education and on-the-job training for the students of the school.
Once participants have completed their graduate degree, they begin a series of rotational, on-the-job training assignments over the next 47 months.
The correction officer graduates completed a 10-week training program, with classes at the Shirley Training Academy and on-the-job training at correctional facilities.
CITC's Sheet Metal Apprenticeship is a state registered four-year program that consists of 9,000 hours of on-the-job training and 800 hours of classroom instruction.