Ondrejov Astronomical Institute

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ondřejov Astronomical Institute


(full name, Ondřejov Astronomical Observatory of the Astronomical Institute of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences), a scientific institution located in Ondřejov, 40 km southeast of Prague.

Founded in 1898 as a private observatory, Ondřejov Astronomical Institute has been under government control since 1928. Its principal instruments include a 65-cm reflector (installed in 1961), a 200-cm reflector (1967), a horizontal solar telescope, a coronagraph, a 10-cm double refractor, and a 7.5-m solar radio telescope. Its research centers on the study of solar activity, meteors, and the earth’s upper atmosphere; on the photoelectric observation of stars; and on the observation of artificial earth satellites.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.