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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a USD $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although USD $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
The mission of One Laptop per Child (OLPCP) is to empower the children of developing countries to learn by providing one connected laptop to every school-age child.
The One Laptop Per Child ( OLPC) initiative started the trend towards low- cost computing and the devices we talk about today bring them to their logical conclusion.
The XO 3.0 (left) comes from One Laptop Per Child, a non-profit organisation offering inexpensive laptops for children in developing countries.
Rwanda has embraced the Internet and is also a key partner in the One Laptop per Child project.
During the Lord Nelson of Stafford Lecture, the IET invited Rodrigo Arboleda Hallaby, Chairman and CEO of the One Laptop per Child Association to discuss the world's digital technology divide and the impact this has on education.
Designer Yves Behar - who is known for co-creating the 100 dollars 'One Laptop per Child' for use in the developing world - said he hoped the phone "champions the idea of craftsmanship in an age that's obsessed with more and making last year's products obsolete".
Uruguay es considerado un modelo por ser el primer pais del mundo en instrumentar el Plan: "One Laptop per Child" (Una Laptop por Nino) por el cual todo alumno de escuela publica recibe una computadora.
Uruguay is seen as a model, as the first country in the world to implement the "One Laptop per Child" Program, through which every child enrolled in public school receives a computer.
The Third World facing One Laptop per Child project has already demonstrated the feasibility of this, running Free and Open Source software, designed and maintained by volunteers world wide.
He also told the students that his government hoped to begin the process of "rolling out" the one laptop per child policy soon.
As well as a speaker list that includes BBC R&D controller Matthew Postgate, Emotiv co-founder Tan Le, Microsoft Applied Sciences director Steven Bathiche and One Laptop Per Child Europe CEO Walter de Brouwer, Northumberland-based company Palringo will also be exhibiting its instant messaging client for mobiles and computers.
One Laptop per Child Program is supposed to be launched in the country, he said.