Onesimus

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Onesimus

(ōnĕs`ĭməs), in the New Testament, runaway slave about whom Paul wrote the epistle to PhilemonPhilemon
, letter of the New Testament, written to a Colossian named Philemon by Paul, probably when the latter was a prisoner in Rome (c.A.D. 60). Onesimus, Philemon's fugitive slave, had found Paul and become a Christian.
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Onesimus

(fl. 1706–21) slave, servant; probably born in Africa. He was first a slave (1706–16) and then a servant (1716–?) to the Puritan minister, Cotton Mather. When Boston had an epidemic of smallpox (1721), Onesimus told Mather of a form of inoculation practiced by his people, the Guramantese. This knowledge, combined with information regarding inoculation that was being done in Constantinople, convinced Mather to advocate inoculation in Boston. Performed by Dr. Zabadiel Boylston, the inoculations were the first done in the American colonies.
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