Ononis


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Ononis

 

(restharrow), a genus of plants of the family Legumino-sae. The plants are perennial or annual herbs and low shrubs. They are usually glandular-pubescent and sometimes spiny. The leaves are for the most part témate, and the pink, purple, yellow, or, less commonly, whitish flowers are in panicled, spicate, or racemose inflorescences. The fruit is an ovate, elongate, or linear pod.

There are about 75 species, distributed predominantly in Europe. Species are also found in the temperate zone of Asia and in North Africa. There are five to seven species in the USSR, growing in the European portion, the Caucasus, Southern Siberia, and Middle Asia. The most common species is O. arvensis, which grows on meadows and steppes, along the borders of plantings, and amid thickets. The plant yields a substantial amount of nectar, and yellow and green dyes are obtained from the leaves and stems. It is cultivated as a medicinal plant: its roots, which contain the glycosides ononin and ononid, the saponin onocerin, and other substances, are used in the form of an aqueous infusion as a laxative, mainly in the treatment of hemorrhoids. The species O. antiquorum, which grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia, is a good pasture plant.

REFERENCES

Kotukov, H. N. Kul’tiviruemye i dikorastushchie lekarstvennye rasteniia (Handbook). Kiev, 1974. (Translated from Ukrainian.)

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Total ash (TA %) among legumes increased from 9.70% (Lygos raetam), 12.21% (Vicia sativa) to 22.05% (Trigonella maritima) and 23.24% (Ononis vaginalis).
Therefore, Erodium glaucophyllum would be a macrothiophore, whereas Gypsophila hispanica and Ononis tridentata would be eu-gypsophytes.
[17] reported that more than 20 flavonoid aglycones were identified in the Mediterranean Ononis species O.
Carex ornithopoda 8 9 Cirsium acaule 16 9 Gymnadenia conopsea 8 8 Leontodon hispidus 40 11 Linum catharticum 24 5 Ononis arvensis 68 28 Ophioglossum vulgatum 16 22 Pimpinella saxifraga 80 31 Plantago media 44 12 Primula veris 84 15 Trifolium montanum 32 8 Class Trifolio-Geranietea Agrimonia eupatoria 52 4 Origanum vulgare 16 1 Solidago virgaurea 36 .
Nearby grows Thymelaea hirsuta and a great variety of more continental species such as large yellow restharrow (Ononis natrix) and felty germander (Teucrium polium subsp.
In this study, the anatomical and morphological properties of three endemic Ononis species (Ononis sessilifolia Bornm., Ononis basiadnata Hub.
Farther off in the bleak winter wilderness is V431 Ononis. Start from Lambda ([lambda]) Ori, Orion's little 3rd-magnitude head.
El nombre generico, Ononis, deriva del griego onos, que quiere decir asno, segun unos por ser planta apetecida por estos animales, y onemi, que significa deleitar, en alusion a que los asnos se rascan con esta planta.
dirhodum on barley and vice versa and Aphidius eadyi Stary, Gonzalez & Hall by Acyrthosiphon pisum ononis (Koch) on Ononis spp.
Compared with the situation in Umm al-Qaiwain and Ra's al-Khaimah, further north-east along the UAE's Arabian Gulf coastline, the annual flora, even in wet years, is noticeably less diverse, with species such as Astragalus annularis, Ononis serrata, Plantago boissieri and Reichardia tingitana, which are common or even abundant in coastal dunes there, being absent from the Taweela area.