Onthophagus

Onthophagus

 

the largest genus of dung beetles of thefamily Scarabaeidae. The males usually have horns or out-growths on the head and often on the pronotum. There areapproximately 1, 500 species. They are found chiefly in the trop-ics; there are about 60 species in the USSR. They dig littleburrows and fill them with dung; the larvae develop in theseburrows. Onthophagus are beneficial as cleaners of the environ-ment and participants in soil formation. Some species are theintermediate hosts of a number of helminths that parasitizedomestic animals.

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References in classic literature ?
In Van Diemen's Land, however, I found four species of Onthophagus, two of Aphodius, and one of a third genus, very abundantly under the dung of cows; yet these latter animals had been then introduced only thirty-three years.
Onthophagus landolti and Canthon indigaceus chevrolati (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) are attracted to the feces of ivermectin-treated cattle in the Mexican tropics
(2015) Life history of Onthophagus landolti Harold 1888 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) with descriptions of preimaginal stages.
The data indicated that species belonging to two genera, Onthophagus and Onitis were more common (41.66 and 28.57 %) in pastures and croplands (35.71 and 27.78 %), respectively.
Kotiaho JS, Simmons LW, Hunt J, Tomkins JL (2003) Males influence maternal effects that promote sexual selection: a quantitative genetic experiment with dung beetles Onthophagus taurus.
Our results revealed that hoopoe parents fed their nestlings also with small scarabaeid beetles Onthophagus sp.
The insects were identified from the Entomology Department as dung beetles, belonged to the family, Scarabidae and species Onthophagus.
A total of 38 species of Aphodiinae (38 individuals, 9 species) and Scarabaeinae (213 individuals, 29 species) subfamilies were collected belonging to Aphodiinae Acrossus, Aphodius, Biralus, Chilothorax, Colobopterus, Eudolus, Melinopterus, Nimbus and Otophorus genera, and Caccobius, Cheironitis, Copris, Euoniticellus, Euonthophagus, Gymnopleurus, Onitis, Onthophagus, Scarabaeus and Sisyphus Scarabaeinae genera.
Onthophagus haematopus Harold 1875 fue la especie dominante, lo que concuerda con la literatura, donde la citan como una especie bien representada en los bosques amazonicos (Quintero & Halffter, 2009).