Open Cloud Manifesto


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Open Cloud Manifesto

A declaration of core principles for cloud computing providers. Introduced in 2009 and endorsed by hundreds of hardware and software companies, the Manifesto was created to promote the use of open standards by cloud providers. For more information, visit www.opencloudmanifesto.org. See cloud computing.

The Core Principles of the Manifesto
1. Cloud providers must work together to ensure that the challenges to cloud adoption (security, integration, portability, interoperability, governance/management, metering/monitoring) are addressed through open collaboration and the appropriate use of standards.

2. Cloud providers must not use their market position to lock customers into their particular platforms and limit their choice of providers.

3. Cloud providers must use and adopt existing standards wherever appropriate. The IT industry has invested heavily in existing standards and standards organizations; there is no need to duplicate or reinvent them.

4. When new standards (or adjustments to existing standards) are needed, we must be judicious and pragmatic to avoid creating too many standards. We must ensure that standards promote innovation and do not inhibit it.

5. Any community effort around the open cloud should be driven by customer needs, not merely the technical needs of cloud providers, and should be tested or verified against real customer requirements.

6. Cloud computing standards organizations, advocacy groups and communities should work together and stay coordinated, making sure that efforts do not conflict or overlap.
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A long list of companies has signed on to the Open Cloud Manifesto, including IBM, Sybase, Heroku and Hewlett-Packard, but others such as Microsoft and Amazon are notably absent.
<p>Amazon has become perhaps the best-known vendor providing both compute and storage services in the cloud model, and the company's APIs have been called "de facto" standards by those who have expressed hope that Amazon will release them as open source software.<p>Many companies are supporting the Open Cloud Manifesto, which intends to establish a set of core principles that all cloud providers should follow.
Microsoft Corp.'s sharp criticism of an "open cloud manifesto" surprised drafters of the document, who plan to release it to the public on Monday, according to the founder of a company that helped to write it.<p>On his ElasticVapor blog, Reuven Cohen, founder and chief technologist for Toronto-based cloud computing start-up Enomaly Inc., said Microsoft was among the first companies to review the manifesto, and he was surprised that Microsoft manager Steven Martin spoke out so vehemently against it in a blog post that appeared early Thursday morning.<p>"Let me say, we've been in active discussions with Microsoft about the open cloud manifesto, which has literally come together in the last couple weeks," Cohen wrote.

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