Open Treaties

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Open Treaties

 

bilateral and multilateral international agreements that permit states not initially parties to them to become signatories. As a rule open treaties are general compacts of interest to all or many peoples and countries. Examples are the UN Charter, the charter of COMECON, the Moscow Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty of 1963, the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, and the Seabed Treaty of 1971.

There are two ways by which a state may become a party to an open treaty already acceded to by other countries. First, the state may declare its recognition of the treaty, to which it becomes a party on an equal basis with the treaty’s signatories. Second, the state may directly ratify the text of the treaty and proclaim itself bound by the treaty’s provisions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.