Open-loop recycling

Open-loop recycling

A recycling system in which a product made from one type of material is recycled into a different type of product such as used newspapers into toilet paper. The product receiving recycled material itself may or may not be recycled.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several types of recycling schemes exist: (1) closed-loop recycling with no losses in the recycling loop; (2) closed-loop recycling when losses occur in the recycling loop; and (3) open-loop recycling.