OpenURL


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OpenURL

A URL that refers to an article, book or other resource rather than the physical location of the item on the Web. Developed for use in libraries and other repositories of information, the OpenURL contains the address of an OpenURL website combined with the item's identification. The OpenURL website serves as a resolver and finds the physical address of the item. Developed by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), it was turned over to the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), Dublin, OH (www.oclc.org) in 2006.

SFX was the first and most widely used link resolver software for OpenURL and the name is sometimes used synonymously with OpenURL. Developed by librarians in Belgium under the "Special Effects" project name, SFX was later commercialized by Ex Libris Ltd. (www.exlibris.co.il).

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The OpenURL functions in a somewhat similar manner to a permalink because it retains a permanent identification to a resource no matter where it resides. See permalink.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A request generates an OpenURL that is sent to SFX.
Configuration options for Open WorldCat include links to local services (OPAC, OpenURL resolver, "Ask a" service) and display preferences (for example, name of library to display in Open WorldCat).
Increasing open access content and OpenURL linking to institutional journal collections puts full-text a click or two away from results.
Citation access proves problematic as JSTOR does not provide the opportunity to link using an OpenURL link resolver.
Link-resolvers (e.g., Ex Libris's SFX; Serials Solutions' 360 Link) use OpenURL standards to provide a link from a bibliographic citation in an index to the location where the full text of the article is available [4].