Herpetological fauna of Dir Lower and Dir Upper districts (Northern mountainous region) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan contains 11 species of lizards (Calotes versicolor farooqi, Laudakia agrorensis, Eublepharis macularius, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Hemidactylus brookii, Hemidactylus flaviviridis, Ophisops jerdonii, Asymblepharus himalayanus, Eurylepis taeniolatus, Eutropis dissimilis and Varanus bengalensis) and 16 species of snakes (Eryx johnii, Amphiesma stolatum, Boiga trigonata, Lycodon striatus, Oligodon arnensis, Oligodon taeniolatus, Platyceps rhodorachis, Platyceps ventromaculatus, Ptyas mucosus, Spalerosophis atriceps, Xenochrophis piscator, Gloydius himalayanus, Bungarus caeruleus, Naja oxiana, Typhlops porrectus, Echis carinatus).
Assymlepharus himalayanus occurs in Nepal and Turkmenistan and in northern parts of India and Pakistan, Eublepharis macularius has been reported from Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India while Laudakia agrorensis and Ophisops jerdonii are restricted to India, Pakistan and Afghanistan only (Masroor, 2012).
Ophisops jerdonii have been reported from 1400-2000 m asl (Blanford, 1876; Khan, 2015) but this study revealed that the species has a wide altitudinal range of distribution and was observed from 600 m to as high as 2300 m asl.
I examined environmentally induced phenotypic variability and the validity of ecomorphological patterns, such as Bergmann's and Allen's rules, in four Middle-Eastern wide-ranging lacertid lizards: Phoenicolacerta laevis, Ophisops elegans, Acanthodactylus boskianus, and Mesalina guttulata.
Acanthodactylus and Mesalina species are mainly desert inhabitants, while the Phoenicolacerta and Ophisops species mostly inhabit the Mediterranean region (a more mesic area).
Hermon, the Golan Heights, the Galilee, the foothills of Judea, and the coastal plain (Israel); Ophisops elegans, 127 specimens were collected from Israel (Mt.
Ophisops elegans (Menetries, 1832) is a small, slender lizard.
Amongst these are Lacerta bendimahiensis (aka lizard of Bendimahi), Lacerta viridis (aka green lizard), Ophisops
elegans elegans (aka field lizard), Laudakia caucasica (aka caucasian lizard), Natrix tesellata (known as water snake),
Three species of lizards viz., Laudakia agrorensis, Asymblepharus himalayanus, and Ophisops jerdonii are being reported for the first time from this park.
Punjab snake-eyed lacerta/Rugose spectacled lacerta, Ophisops jerdonii Blyth, 1853.
However, Acanthodactylus cantoris can be seen along the sandy patches of rivers and their tributaries, while Ophisops jerdonii has been collected from Shakarparian, Islamabad.
Bufo viridis, Rana ridibunda, Natrix natrix, Natrix tesellata, Laudakia caucasica, Ophisops
elegans, Lacerta bendimahiensis, Mauremys aspica and Testudo graeca are the other animal species observed in the study area.